Baie de Baly
Tsingy de Namoroka
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Madagascar National Parks
Contributes to the lasting development
The Madagascar National Park associates the concept of conservation closely with the one of lasting development. This philosophy integrates the local population in the conservation and the management of the protected area.
A human dimension for the conservation
The human pressures always remain the biggest threats on the natural resources. Poverty and the ignorance of the advantages of the preservation of the environment are two recurrent dangers.
The farming communities generally have resort to resources of the surrounding forests to survive. This means become an immediate dependence and even permanent for some communities. It reduces the natural resources of the protected areas of which the survival of the fauna and flora is then threatened dangerously.
But very often, the economic possibilities that the exploitation of the natural resources represents take the step on the conservation. Also, has the environmental education become one of the pillars of the conservation? Several programs of the environmental education are created thus and are set up to help the communities and the villagers to have some reference marks in their daily life.
Permanent exhibitions, periodic bulletins, radio broadcasts, programs of rational management of the natural resources…, the activities are various and the local dimension is put forward.
But the local population is especially familiarized to the kindness of the natural resources to pull the best part of the advantages of the protected areas. Water used to irrigate the fields of culture is thus one of the big advantages of the residents of these protected areas. The training of the ecological services becomes thus a stage as much for the perpetuation and the rational management of the site as for the development of the essential peripheral localities.
A protected area that benefits to the population
What profits do the riparian populations withdraw concretely in their implication of the conservation of the protected areas?
The 50% of the returns of the entry rights in the protected areas (DEAP) are put to the financing of activities and micro projects allying the expectations of the population and the objectives of the conservation of the protected area. This fund constitutes the involvement of the local populations at the time of their demand of partnership or the financing of the operators like the FID (Interventional fund for development) or the PSDR (Support to the country development).
Fokontany, Villages, groups of villages or communes are the recipients of these micro projects. These latter can be the communal micro projects, to the example of the construction of a school, a dam or a center of basic health in a township. But they can also be of the generating activities of incomes that are proposed by the farmers associations and organizations.
The COSAP ( Orientation and supporting committee for protected areas) intervenes in the choice and the realization of these communal projects as consultative organ assigned to defend the interests of the protected area and the inhabitants of the riparian villages.
A successful Micro project, a success story
The implementation of the micro projects is an excellent system of integration of the riparian communities. The National Park of Andasibe-Mantadia is an example of this success. In this park, the 50% of the returns of the entry rights, either 340 millions Ars, contributed to push the projects of 14 villagers committees villagers of development (CVD). So, thanks to the DEAP and with the contest of the associations of the pupils' parents (FRAM) and the Fund of intervention for the development (FID), three public primary schools (EPP) could be constructed in the fokontany of Fanovana, Voloves and Vohibazahas.
As a good example, the primary school (EPP) of Fanovana that has two class rooms allowed 192 pupils to continue their education. The construction of this establishment is estimated in 36 millions Ars; The FID contributed to the sum of 30 millions Ars and the ANGAP to 5,6 millions Ars, using the DEAP. But the local population also participated through donations in nature or various services such as the preparation and the transportation of the materials, cleaning…
As in many Malagasy villages, the children desert the benches of school during tough times. To the fokontany of Fanovana, the teachers hope that this new establishment will encourage the parents to school their children. An especially enthusiastic perspective than the pupils of 7th of this fokontany have all succeeded in their exam of CEP.
Apart from this school establishment, the planning of the shallows in rice field and the acquirement of metallic dugouts has been bought to facilitate the crossing of al river of Sahatandra have also been financed thanks to the DEAP.
In short, success stories that will, without any doubt, push other surrounding communities to invest in advance!