Baie de Baly
Tsingy de Namoroka
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Madagascar National Parks
One Association, one mission
Madagascar National Parks was founded in 1990. This Association of private right has been recognized of public utility through the decree n° 91-592 of December 4, 1991. It assures the conservation and the lasting and rational management of the national network of the national parks and reserves of Madagascar. This conservation mission suggests an environmental education, a valorization of the ecotourism and science and finally an equitable sharing of the profits, generated by protected areas, with the riparian population.
A board of directors and a general direction manage the general assembly. The assembly defines the orientations of Madagascar National Parks. The board of directors acts and decides types of projects to achieve on behalf of Madagascar National Parks and according to the goals drawn by the assembly. The general direction is the executive organ of Madagascar National Parks.
The general assembly gathers moral or physical people of the environmental sector. These represent the ministry of the environment, of national and international non-governmental organizations.
The board of directors, having 13 members, is lead by the minister of the environment or its representative. This same ministry assigns six members of the Council. The seven others are elected by the general assembly.
Through its organs, Madagascar National Parks devotes itself to protect ecosystems in protected areas, promote researches for a scientific progress, promote the environmental education, and point out ecotourism through the valorization of protected areas. But, thanks to an equitable sharing of the profits, the association insures also regions’ development and local populations’ development that are the first recipients of them.
Why does the Madagascar National Park exist?
Particularly pampered by the nature, Madagascar, island of the Indian Ocean, is globally known for its biodiversity’s richness. Malagasy Fauna and Flora have a very high endemic rate: 80% of the animal species and 90% of vegetation are restricted to the island. On a world scale, Madagascar represents exceptional and impressive mega diversity. Indeed, Madagascar, island of the Western Indian Ocean (COI) is a part of the 34 hot spots of the world biodiversity. It is a rather flattering label because it makes the “Big island” one of the most important regions in terms of rare habitats and leading species. The conservation of this natural richness is thus registered in the international diary.
This leading position on the international chessboard has made the island an excellent land of scientific research but also a main point of ecotourism.
Unfortunately, this important diversity is in peril and the environment’s degradation intensifies in the island. If the natural constraints don't save the Malagasy ecosystem, footprints are also more and more serious: wild exploitations bush fires, poaching put to pain this natural inheritance. Thus, every year, a few 200 000 hectares of forests disappear in the big island; several species are endangered species. Social and economic pressures like a galloping demography, growing poverty, and a mismanagement of natural resources make this phenomenon worse.
Thus, every year, the cost of the environmental damage is assessed between 100 and 290 millions US dollars according to the studies made during the preparation of the Environmental Action Plan. The deforestation represents 75% of this loss. 15% are bound to the phenomenon of the erosion that weakens the agricultural and pastoral production.
Madagascar National Parks should face this situation of emergency and its mission is nearly multidisciplinary. In fact, the conservation and the management of natural resources are today extensively tributary of a political will, of the emergence of a strong and lasting ecotourism through an implication of local population. In the execution of its mandate, the association is recognized as auxiliary of the public services in order to promote the biodiversity management politics and implement the strategy of conservation and development of protected areas.
See also :
Organigramme de Madagasikara National Parks
Organigramme d'une Direction Inter-Régionale
Organigramme d'une Direction de Parc ou d'une Réserve
Plan GRAP (51Mo)
Survey on the Operation and the Transport and Illegal Exploitation of Precious Woods in the Sava Region in Madagascar in August 2009- Global Witness Et Environmental Investigation Agency, Inc. (USA) English version (4Mo)
Nos partenaires techniques et financiers
Madagascar National Parks
Immeuble Madagascar National Parks
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