Bora spreads on 4,841 ha. It is in the Region of Sofia 35km from Antsohihy. The Special Reserve is edged in the North by the National Road N°31 that connect Antsohihy with Bealalana and the East by the river of Anjingo and its affluent, the brook of Bemahavony.
The North parcel is accessible by the tarred National Road N° 31, that joins Antsohihy and Bealalana. The Southern part is accessible by the road that joins Antsohihy with North Befandriana.
Twenty (20) endemic bird species have been counted in the reserve. The Bora being a forest of transition between the East and the west, We can see species of birds of the dense and humid forests in this dry region. We can also see there Foudia madagascariensis, not important species, a species indicated that the forest is disturbed and represent an open habitat.
Bora presents five species of amphibian and 15 species of reptiles. We think that these species would be more numerous than those that are counted today. We can see two common species of strictly forest Chamaeleonidae, sign of the absence of disruptions in the west of the Reserve. Finally, a new species of Boophis and particular shapes of some species have been noted recently in Bora.
Six species of lemurs are inventoried. Two are diurnals and four nocturnals. They are seriously threatened by the hunt and the destruction of the habitats. Six species of Micromammifères have also been counted in Bora: five are endemic and one, introduced the Rattus rattus. The Reserve is relatively poor in micro mammalian fauna . An endemic species, Tenrec ecaudatus, is hunted by the local population for its meat.
We can meet several sorts of forests inside Bora . The caducious dense forests of the set in Dalbergia - Commiphora and Hildegardia; damaged and/or secondary; of the savannas and/or pseudo steppes with or without woody elements; the forests gallery in the zones of low-sides and/or shallows.
246 plant species have been counted thus in the forest. They are representative of 73 families and 169 kinds. Among the recorded species, 66.26% are endemic species to Madagascar. This endemicity is not very elevated and already reveal a deterioration of the formations. The forest of Bora conceals several species to economic value as Dalbergia, Bivinia, Commiphora Grandifolia. These species are represented relatively well but trees as the Manga lava invade the forest.
The Special Reserve Bora has no infrastructure to welcome your visits, but it is possible to stay with the locals.
Nevertheless, plan walking shoes, light clothes, hat and sunscreen and a first aid kit with anti-malarial treatment. The water supply is required. Do not forget your camping equipement.
The story of a Special Reserve
The Bora Special Reservehas been created in 1956.
In spite of its deterioration, the forest still conceals rare species. Bora is submitted to very strong exploitations because of its proximity with the National Road N° 31 and the numerous villages from one both side of the forest. Voluntary clearings, volunteers fires and generally bad controlled, permanent raving of the herds of zebus, illicit collection of forest resources are as much the share of the Reserve of Bora. In addition the existence of rice fields inside the Reserve.
The Tsimihety live in the neighbourhood of reserve of Bora. They live with rice plantating and livestock. The rice plantation rhythmizes the tribe's existence. The children leave school very early to work in the rice fields. In harvest season, the whole family migrates in the fields with their goods and desolate the village, it is the" Djono ".
The seasons are very distinct in the region of Bora. There is a hot and humid season from November to April and a dry winter from May to October. Located in an area of low hills, the Special Reserve of Bora is constituted of eruptive rocks and crystalline rocks formed of gneiss. It has many rivers, although most are temporary or have a weak debit in dry season. The whole Reserve is afforested with the exception of a strip of 1km of large, parallel to the river, covered of a grassy savanna.
The microprojects of Bora
For now, the Special Reserve of Bora has no infrastructure to welcome your visits.
The Special Reserve Bora do not have welcome in place, it is best to contact the headquarters of Madagascar National Parks in Antananarivo:
Madagascar National Parks
Immeuble Madagascar National Parks
Ambatobe - BP 1424
Tél: + (261 20)22 415 38
+ (261 20) 22 418 83
The special reserve of Bora doesn't have an infrastructure to welcome your visits, it is however possible to you to lodge at the inhabitant's.
The region has several sites that will marvel you. Also, visit the spectacular falls of the Ankofia 40 km of Antsohihy, the coming down of the Loza river, 50 km of Antsohihy.
You will also try the ascension up to the summit of Maromokotra, 2.876 m, from Bealanana or hiking from the village of Mangidrano, 57 km of Bealalana.