Bemarivo is located 12 km from the city of Besalampy, in the Region of Melaky, 5 km from the Mozambique Channel. The Reserve spreads over 11 570 hectares. This area is characterized by a flat terrain strewn with lakes, swamps and snaked of rivers. It presents huge plains convertible to agriculture and to pastoralism. The average annual temperature is around 26.5 ° C, the rains only fall there 84 days per year.
73 species of birds, 15 species of mammals, 20 species of reptiles are known in the Special Reserve of Bemarivo. Among the amphibians, there are arboreal species (Heterixalus tricolor and Boophis tephraomystax) and one semi-aquatic species that are Ptychadena mascareniensis. Among the mammals, we can see six species of lemurs, three of which are diurnal: Propithecus deckeni, Eulemur fulvus rufus, Hapalemur griseus and three nocturnals: Microcebus murinus, Lepilemur edwardsi and Cheirogaleus medius. There are also three species of carnivores including one endemic, Cryptoprocta ferox and an introduced species, Viverricula indica. The presence of another species of carnivore called locally Fanakalo has been reported by the guides and villagers, but this animal is very rare.
But it is indisputably its rich avifaune that makes the honor of Bemarivo. 46.6% of the birds of the reserve are endemic to Madagascar, 30,1% to the Indian Ocean. Three species appear in the list of International Union for the Conservation of the Nature (UICN): the Henst’s Goshawk Accipiter henstii, the Schlegel’s asity Philepitta schlegeli, and" the Madagascar fish-eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides. They are near threatened (NT) species and in danger of extinction (CR).
One hundred ninety-four (184) species of plants are counted in the Special Reserve of Bemarivo. The best represented families are Rubiaceae and Euphorbiaceae that counts each 13 species. Flacourtiaceaes and Papilionaceae are each formed with 8 plant species. The trees are getting smaller as we go up in altitude: the soil of Bemarivo is more arid on the summit. In the dense subhumid forest located down below, there is a whole population of Dalbergia madagascariensis and Grewia triflora. The woody production is important in there. On the crest, there is an important dense caducious dry forest where Strychnoses madagascariensis and Poltpartia silvatica grows. It is a vegetation that has a good marketable gases. The most met non forest ecosystems are the savannas of gramineous. They can be exclusively grassy or with woody elements. The gramineous, as Hypparhenia rufa and Aristida rufescens are the most represented, they can reach 2m in height. They are well adapted Cryptophytes hemiacetals despite the almost annual destruction of its vegetative by fire.
Meanwhile, the Reserve can not yet accommodate visits.
The story of the Special Reserve
The Reserve of Bemarivo was created in 1956. For now,, the Reserve cannot welcome visits. Its important wetlands make the interest of the Rerserve. Its rivers, the Marotondro, the Ampandra and the Bemarivo, are reputed for their particularly violent crocodiles between July and December. Its lakes, the Tsimanjonotsy and the Ranovoribe, attract particular species of fish and water birds as Ana bernieri and Haliaetus vociferoides.
A Reserve in danger
It is also a Resereve in danger and as in most Parks and Natural Reserves of Madagascar, human activities are the primary threats.. Bemarivo is often victim of bush fires, voluntarily provoked to renew grazing. These are spectacular fires at the end of the dry season. Clearings and the cultures on burnt land are also the share of the Reserve. Villagers cut in part or in whole the forest vegetation left to dry for a few weeks and weeks and set fire to clean up the future parcels of cultivated fields.Finally, the withdrawal of the forest resources such as honey, medicinal plants and wood, hunting of lemurs for consumption is also detrimental to the survival of the biodiversity of the Reserve.
The majority of the inhabitants of Bemarivo are Sakalava. They are particularly breeders, while the migrants, as the Betsileo, the Antesaka and the Merina, are rather farmers or fishermen. Besides, Bemarivo has a little damaged relief that may be associated with the development of plains for agricultural or pastoral livestock.
January is the most humid month in Bemarivo and June the driest. Rains are distributed badly in the year, with medium precipitations of 1 260 mm dispatched in 84 days. The yearly medium temperature is 26.5°C, reaching 28°C in November and 23,9°C in July.
The microprojects of Bemarivo
By Road :
Bemarivo is located 12 km from the city of Besalampy.
Take the National Road No. 1 to Tsiroanomandidy from Antananarivo to rally Besalampy. The National Road No. 1 is tarred up on 200 km towards Tsiroanomandidy.
By Taxi brousse :
Antananarivo - Besalampy
Bus Station: Fasan’karana, every day.
Currently the Special Reserve of Bemarivo doesn't have infrastructure of welcome nor logistical facilities to welcome your visits.
The Special Reserve of Bemarivo has no management structure in place; it is better to contact the headquarters of Madagascar National Parks in Antananarivo.
Madagascar National Parks
Immeuble Madagascar National Parks
Ambatobe- BP 1424
Tél : + (261 20)22 415 38
+ (261 20) 22 418 83
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
At present, the Special Reserve of Bemarivo doesn't have infrastructure of welcome nor logistical facilities to welcome your visits. But the region deserves backshift due to:
- Its magnificent Tsimanjonotsies lakes and Ranovoribes where the birds of water come to meet in colony. Imagine then, hundreds of birds with expanded wings or a whole tribe taking a rest quietly in the surroundings of the stream… You will also row in dugout on the lakes.
- The Forest of Bebonaky, a particular forest because we can observe quite clearly the succession and the change of seasons there. It is also a forest of birds, of fauna and endemic flora.
- The Forest of Analabe. It is a forest where Royal tombs of Sakalava are erected.
- The best for the end, the beach of Bemarivo! 5 km from the Reserve, calm, a bruise of emerald bathed of a golden sun and white sand …