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News of Anjanaharibe Sud protected area
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The Special Reserve of Anjanaharibe Sud is in the North part is from Madagascar, in the Region of Sava. It is one of the two protected areas where the Simpona Malandy or Propithecus candidus grow as well as Takhtajania perrieri plant. GPS 14° 42 South and 49° 26 East.
The Special Reserve of Anjanaharibe Sud spreads over 32 090 ha, It is located about 25 km southwest of the town of Andapa. The average altitude of the massif varies between 500 and 1,500 m, with a peak height of 2,064 m. The climate is characterized by heavy rainfall over 3,000 mm in height, and the lack of contrast between the hot season (26.9 ° C from November to April) and cool season (22.3 ° C from May to October). The wind flow differentiates the two seasons.
A few 125 species of birds, two of which are of limited distribution (Madagascar serpent-eagle Eutriochis astur, and red-tailed newtonia(Newtonia fanovanae), 12 species of lemurs and are known in Anjanaharibe Sud. A lot of species are endemic to the region and new species are discovered regularly.
At least 93 herpetofauna species (53 amphibians and 40 reptiles) are documented within the reserve. Several species are endemic to the region or listed among the treatened species in IUCN Redlist. Among the frog ; Platypelis tetra « endangered », Gephyromantis rivicola, Platypelis tsaratananaensis and Rhombophryne serratopalpebrosa (Vulnerable). Some species present a limited distribution range within this septentrional region of Madagascar; Boophis anjanaharibensis (arboreal Green frog), Rhombophryne laevipes and R. Minuta (burrowing frog), Brookesia betschi and B. Vadoni (dwarf chameleon) and Calumma peltierorum (true chameleon with occipital lobes and one rostral appendage).
The best fauna of South Anjanaharibe
1. Babakoto or Indri indri is a remarkable lemur because of its size and the screams of long range. We can see it very early in the morning at the end of the afternoon.
2. Simpona or Propithecus candidus. This lemur is an endemic species of the Park and the region. We can find it all year round at South Anjaharibe.
3. Siketribe or the helmet vanga Euryceros prevostii. It is a bird with blue beak, endemic to Madagascar. It is veryeasy to localize during the breeding period from September to March. It’s localized from its special call.
The new discovered species at Mantadia in 1996 as well the Cryptic warbler Cryptosylvicola randriansoloi is common at Anjanaharibe-south. It’s the same the four genuses amongst the five species within the Brachypteraciidae such as the short-legged ground-roller Brachypteracias leptosomus, the scaly ground-roller B. squamiger, the pitta-like ground-roller Atelornis pittoides and the rufous-headed ground-roller A. crossleyi.
4.Tangarirana, Brookesia karchei of its scientific name is a terrestrial dwarf chameleon that we can find along the circuit of the reserve, between November and March.
5. Komba lemur or Eulemur fulvus albifrons.Diurnal and nocturnal (cathemeral), this lemur prowls along the Takhta circuit, very early in the morning and in the evening.
6. Tahafisaka or Uroplatus fimbriatus is a reptile that has an impressive mimetism. You will surely meet it on the Ranomafana circuit. Make sure that you distinguish it from the tree…
7. Mantella laevigata or Radaka is a frog with green back, which we can find all year round on the Ranomafana circuit.
Anjanaharibe Sud has five types of vegetations. The dense humid forest sempervirente of low altitude. Damaged, It only presents three small portions of forests. The humid dense forest of the mountain appears between 800 m of altitude and 1 450 m. The sclerophyllous dense forest of high mountain that we can see up to 1 400 m. This forest undergoes variations of temperature and more important humidity. From 1800m, we can see the lined highlander.
300 species of ferns and more than 30 species of palms populate the forest of South Anjanaharibe. The ferns of the Reserve have four endemic species in the reserve: Cyathea, Blechnum sp nov, Cyathea sp nov and Elaphoglossum sp nov. It is a wealth assigned to the geographical position of the massif in the most humid region of Madagascar.
The best of the flora of South Anjanaharibe
1. Takhtajania perrieri is an archaic plant discovered during the age of the dinosaurs. About 18, 500 individuals are counted in the Reserve. We can see them in the Circuit of Takhta.
2. Cyathea or Fanjagna is an arborescent fern that is visible in the whole reserve.
3. Ravimbe or Marojejya darianiiis a species of palms that we can see all year round.
For a stay Anjanaharibe South, wear your raingears, trekking shoes, take light dresses for the day and hot in the evening. Protect yourselves from the full sun and don't forget your anti-mosquito lotion and your packs of mineral water. For the nocturnal visits, carry away a pocket-size lamp or a frontal lamp. Careful, the meat of pork is taboo at Anjanaharibe South.
The nearest banks are in Andapa and Sambava. In case of emergency, Maroambihy, Andapa and Sambavas have a hospitable center.
Sambava and Andapa are covered by the telephone networks of Telma, orange and Zain.
The history of the Special Reserve
In 1958, the forest of Anjanaharibe Sud was classified Special Reserve N°4 under the management of the Direction of Waters and Forests, by the slant of the central Forest Sorting of Andapa. In 1993, during the environmental program I, the Conservation and Integrated Development Project (PCDI) Marojejy / Anjanaharibe Sud was set up in Andapa. In 1991 - 1998, the Reserve was run by the Direction of Waters and Forests and the World Wild Fund for Nature WWF. In July 2004, this Special Reserve has been managed directly by Madagascar National Parks and became a fully-fledged management unit. The Tsimihety are the main ethnic group of the region.
The Simpona Malandy shelter
The conservation of Anjanaharibe is important for the Malagasy biodiversity. With the National Park of Marojejy It shelters the Propithecus candidus, lemur also known for its Malagasy name " Simpona malandy ". With the reserve of Manongarivo, it is also the last shelter of Takhtajania perrieri, an alive fossil plant. The humid drill of an average altitude represents the 66% of the Reserve. It is the habitat that guarantees the fragile species as the Tyto soumagnei, red Owl, its survival.
Illicit Hunting and Cuting
The pressure due to the human activities has some important consequences in the region. The reclamations, bound to the maintenance of the former cultures, hunting and cutting of wood are much of obstacles to the conservation of Anjanaharibe Sud.Actually, Indri indri, endemic lemur is hunted for its meat, very valued by the local population.
The precious woods disappear just like at any moment. It is the case of the Magnary or Dalbergia sp, the Rôtro or Eugeunia sp, the Tafonana or Ocotea sp, the Lalona or Weinmannia sp, the Vintanona or Callophylum sp and the Antohiravina or Phyllarthron madagascariensis particularly valued for the construction and the manufacture of furniture.
Two big rivers flow through Anjanaharibe Sud: the Fotsialanana and the Marolakana that flow in the river of Ankaibe and irrigate 20,000 hectares of the pan of Andapa. It is the wind regime that differentiates the hot season and the winter. As for the rain, it is very abundant. The medium altitude of the massif varies between 500 and 1 500 m, with a summit rising up to 2 064 m.
The microprojects of Anjanaharibe Sud
Anjanaharibe Sud is located about 30 km southwest of the city of Andapa.
By Road :
From Andapa toward Bealanana. It is a local road of 30 km half of it is a practicable track and the other half that will lead you toward the reserve is in a very bad state. The road is better between October and December. From January to April, the rain makes it inaccessible. The fine rain of winter between May and September damage the track.
By Taxi Brousse :
- Bus station: Andranobevava / Andravoahangy to Sambava: every day. It is a journey of three days.
The Ambilobe axis - Vohemar is very arduous during the rainy season from December to April
By Plane :
The Air Madagascar airline company assures a regular flight toward Sambava.
The transfer from Sambava to welcome office of Madagacar National Parks in Andapa is done by car (108 km). The Reserve is 30 km south-west of Andapa.
Three circuits will take you to the discovery of the marvels of the special reserve of South Anjanaharibe. The tariff of day guidance is Ar 18,000 and Ar 4,000 the night.
|The circuit Takhta
||Distance : 2.5 km of trekking that goes up 1,200 m of altitude from the main track.
Takhtajania is a living fossil, a very former species of tree that appeared at the time of dinosaurs, 120 millions years ago. The circuit takhta pass along the line of crest and take you toward Takhtajania. On this track, you will be able to find the Indri indri and the Silky Sifaka.
|Carrier at night :
Areas of camping :
6 people to 12 people, Ar 4,000 per night.
|The Ranomafana circuit
||Duration : 1h 30 mn
Distance : 4,3 km from the main track with ascension of 500 to 1,200 m of altitude.
It is a track that will drive you toward small sources of hot water where some are consecrated and used for traditional rituals.
|Carrier at night :
Areas of camping :
6 people to 12 people, Ar 4,000 per night.
|The Indri circuit
||Distance : 2km of trekking from the main track, with ascension of 500 to 1,000 m of altitude.
The circuit takes you to discover Babakoto or Indri.
|Night Portage :
Areas of camping :
2 people to 4 people, Ar 4,000 per night.
The welcome office of the Reserve is in Andapa. You can take all information there to really plan your stay. 12 French-speaking and English-speaking guides work at Anjanaharibe Sud. They also assure the guidance in the National Park of Marojejy.
Areas of camping are arranged in the circuits, but you also have the possibility to lodge at the inhabitant or in hotels' neighbourhoods: the conditions are very modest and the comfort is not always assured.
Madagascar National Parks in Antsiranana
Route de l’Aéroport BP 475
Tél./fax : (261 20) 82 213 20
GSM : + (261 32) 02 531 27 (Standard)
Email : email@example.com
Special Reserve Anjanaharibe Sud
BP 19 - ANDAPA 205
Tél. : + (261 20) 88 070 27
Fax : + (261 20) 88 071 40
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
You are not going to be disappointed to visit the surroundings of the Reserve of Andranomena. The alley of the baobabs is a fairy place that you should not miss, especially at sunset. The alley is 14 km of Morondava, accessible by car or by mountain bike on the road connecting Morondava to Belo Tsiribihina. On this occasion, take part in the ceremony of the" Zotso botry" for the stake of water to the new sail-boat. It is a beautiful tradition, rich in color of the community of Belo sur Mer.
100 km South of Morondava, visit the yard of sail-boats in Belo sur Mer. It is the big shop of construction of traditional sail-boats of all Madagascar. It is accessible by motor boat, by dugout or by little sail-boat and 4x4, during the dry season.
Several festivals highlight the region. Every year, there is the Jama that is a cultural and ecological demonstration. Every five years during one week, the Sakalavas celebrate the" Fitampoha ". It is the bath of the relics of the sovereigns of the Maroseragna dynasty of Belo on Tsiribihina.
At the end of the month of July the Vositse marathon is organized. It is an international race dedicated to the environment in which 150 foreign athletes and 100 Malagasy participate.