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Madagascar National Parks

Terrestrial National Park
Baie de Baly
Kirindy Mitea
Mananara Nord
Midongy Befotaka
Montagne d'Ambre
Tsingy de Namoroka
Zombitse Vohibasia

Marine national Park
Mananara Nord

Complete Natural Reserve

Special Reserve
Anjanaharibe Sud
Beza Mahafaly
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Tampoketsa Analamaintso

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Tampoketsa Analamaintso
The Special Reserve of Tampoketsa Analamaitso is located in the Northern part of Madagascar. This park is one of the last forests of transition of the Malagasy forest domain. The flight of the ecotourism is handicapped by the enclavement.

Tampoketsa Analamaintso, 17 150 Ha, is in the Sofia, astride the three districts : Port Bergé, Mandritsara and Mampikony.

The fauna

The fauna of the Special Reserve of Tampoketsa Analamaitso conceals a lot of treasures. We can meet families of arthropods as the Gasteracanthinae, that have a certain African affinity, the Scaritidae, with the endemic Kinds to Madagascar and the Monommidae, typical of the tropical regions. 
The forest of Tampoketsa Analamaitso is rich enough in herpetofauna. 24 species have been listed, 23 of which are endemic to Madagascar. These animals leave their lair in the month of October. Two particular species have been met: the chameleonic Brookesia decaryi and Calumna boettgeri. These two species are endemic to this region of the North as we can also find them in Ankarafantsika and Sambirano (North Extreme)
The fauna culture is varied in the Special Reserve of Tampoketsa Analamaitso contains a fauna culture varied with a rate of endemism of 49.05%. One species is threatened, the Lophotibis cristata, the Madagascar Sacred Ibis. There is also the presence of species typical of the East of Madagascar, the species of the domain of the center and one species of the dry formation, Upapa marginata.

Three species of Micromammals have been listed in Tampoketsa Analamaitso. The presence of Rattus rattus is very strong, sign of the deterioration of the formations. In fact, in the damaged formations, Rattus rattus often enters in competition with the endemic species.

Among the lemurs, three species have been counted in the forest of Tampoketsa Analamaitso: Microcebus rufus, Cheirogalus sp and Eulemur fulvus fulvus. These are species of large geographical distribution. Eulemur fulvus is numerous in some sites and absent in others.

The flora
Tampoketsa has got humid dense forests of average altitude, in the low-sides, of the semi-caducious dense dry forests typical of the west; as well as the Dalbergia, kind of the family of the Fabaceaes. They are the lianas, the bushes and the trees. We can see the Commiphora, the tree of the family of the Burseraceaes; there is also an original plant from India used in the ayurvedic medicine.

The damaged humid forests and/or secondary one of Tampoketsa Analamaintso results from the deterioration of the sempervirentes dense humid forests  of an average altitude. The reserve is finally covered with savannas, of steppes.

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The history of a special reserve

The Special Reserve of Tampoketsa Analamaitso was created in 1958. The forest is geographically at the border between the formations of the west and the East, and that makes of it one of the last forests of transition of the Malagasy forest domain. Unfortunately, the difficulty of access and the insecurity make all shape of management of the Special Reserve of Tampoketsa Analamaitso hard.
Nevertheless, the associations and the authorities of the region are anxious to keep the present statute of the forest of Tampoketsa Analamaitso a Special Reserve. And a modification of the present statute could entail a total deterioration of the forest of Tampoketsa Analamaitso. The Special Reserve of Tampoketsa Analamaitso is submitted to the pressures of the surrounding villages: bushfires for the grazing of the zebus, camps inside the reserve and reclamations.

Enclosed region

The majority of the population is Tsimihety. The Merina and the Betsileo are represented as well. They live with rice plantation and the bovine raising, some sometimes get involved in the handicraft and the joinery. The children, little schooled, participate very early in the agricultural activities. The enclavement handicaps this region heavily, trade is difficult and to assure their subsistence, the villagers sell their agricultural products in a very low price.
The communities are attached strongly to the practices of customary and particularly respectful of the traditions. The elders have a place of choice there as much in the daily as in the taking of big decisions.
Four rivers take their source from Tampoketsa Analamaintso : Ambatofolaka, Mandevy, Andriambe and Ambararata. To those added the plans of water and other temporary rivers around the Protected area. The climate is of tropical type with one humid and another hot season, from November to March and a dry winter from April to October. The precipitations are raised relatively during the season of rains. The ambient humidity is raised from 55 to 74%. The geological formations are recent, armored of lateritique clays . Soils, generally ironitic, hardened, concretioned with yellow over the red.

The microprojects of Tampoketsa Analamaintso
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The Special Reserve of Tampoketsa Analamaitso is in an enclosed region, the road infrastructures are practically inexistent: the access is difficult or even impossible. The nearest village is Sahalentina, completely isolated in the period of rain from November to March.

Currently no aid and infrastructure nor logistics exist in favour of the ecotouristic visit.

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