Madagascar National Parks   Conservation   Ecotourism   Sustainable development   Concession      Home   News
Madagascar National Parks

Terrestrial National Park
Baie de Baly
Kirindy Mitea
Mananara Nord
Midongy Befotaka
Montagne d'Ambre
Tsingy de Namoroka
Zombitse Vohibasia

Marine national Park
Mananara Nord

Complete Natural Reserve

Special Reserve
Anjanaharibe Sud
Beza Mahafaly
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Tampoketsa Analamaintso

News of Manongarivo protected area
News are ongoing...

The Special Reserve of Manongarivo is in the North Western part of Madagascar. Manongarivo is the area of the main distribution of the typical species of the domain of Sambirano.GPS : South latitudes 13° 53 -14° 08 and the East longitudes 48° 14 and 48° 29

Manongarivo, 32 735ha, is in Diana's region 35km from the city of Ambanja.

The fauna

103 species of birds, 31 species of amphibian, 39 species of reptiles are recorded in the reserve of Manongarivo. Among the mammals the more noticed in the forest of Sambirano, the lemur is the key species. We can see among others, Microcebus sambiranensis, Cheirogaleus regimental adjutant, Microcebus sambiranensis or Eulemur macaco.

The flora

Among the thirty 30 recorded families in Manongarivo, 74 kinds and 167 species have been counted. 11 species are endemic to Manongarivo : Bazzania descrescens var. ambahatrae, Diplasiolejeunea cobrensis var. Antsirananae, Drepanolejeunea geisslerae, Microlejeunae fissistipula, Lopholejeunea leioptera, Plagiochila fracta, Scistochila piligera, Leucobryum parvulum, Leucobryum sactae-mariae, Ochrobryum sakalavu and Syrrhopodon cuneifolius. 
67,9% of the species identified in Manonngarivo are endemic to Madagascar. The repartition of the identified species in Madagascar made appear an altitudinal transition between 600 m and 100m, between the flora of low altitude corresponding to that of the domain of Sambirano and the highlander characteristic flora  of the domain of the center.

Travel shrewd...

For your stay in Manogarivo, foresee a canvas of tent, bush shoes and a raincoat. In Ambanja, supply yourselves in food and buy packs of mineral water. The nearest banks are in Ambanja. The nearest health centers are in Beraty, Beangona Ambevy, Ambohimanarina, Marotolana and Mangindrano.

Ambanja is covered by the telephone networks of Telma, Zain, and Orange.

The history of a natural reserve

By the end of the XIXe century, the forest of Manongarivo attracted the attention of the colonial administration. The missionary Baron and geographer J.T. Last are the first western naturalists who prospected the massif of Manongarivo. Between 1902 and 1932, H. Perrier of the Bathie would make abundant botanical harvests there. Twenty-four years later, in February 1956, Manongarivo became a fully-fledged Special Reserve. 
In 1998, Manongarivo appeared directly among the units of management state controls by the Inter-Regional Direction of Madagascar National Parks in Antsiranana.

Last shelter ?

Manongarivo is the area of main distribution of the typical species of the Sambirano domain. Its dense ombrophile forest  of low altitude (155m - 800m) is the natural habitat for Microcebus sambiranensis and Eulemur macaco that is the leading species of the reserve. Its sempervirente humid dense forest  of average altitude (800m-1,200m) is the shelter of the lemurs, Eulemur macaco and Microcebus sambiranensis in particular.

Manongarivo is a massif of gneiss, granite, trachytes and basalts that generates a yellow and red soil, of clayey texture. The present very damaged relief of the mountains of medium altitude of 900m, with abrupt slopes. The valleys are deep and cluttered with big rocky blocks. The whole eruptive presents a particular morphology dominated by the entablements and the successive steepness.

100.000 ha of watered land

This reserve is also a water tower for the neighboring regions that can get involved then in agriculture. The Andranomalaza, the Manongarivo, the Djangoa, the Ambahatra the Antsahankolana and many affluents of the Sambirano get source from the reserve. The Sambirano and the Andranomalaza clear in the Channel of Mozambique while letting on the coastal zone of vast deltaic plains a high agricultural potentiality. The reserve rivers water at least 100 000 ha of land.

A declining park

Sakalava and Tsimihety live in the region of Manongarivo. The reclamations, especially practiced by the Tsimihety that have resort to the "tavy" for their plantation cultures put to pain the forest integrity of the reserve. Some species are also threatened by the selective cut. It is the case of the palm Dypsis ampasindavae (Kindro) and woods of ebonies (mapingo) that are used for the constructions and the joinery. Some cultures under wood, particularly the cultures of pensions as coffee, the cocoa or the anacardes are especially dangerous for the future of the reserve.

The microprojects of Manongarivo

West entry  
By Road :
Take the National Road N° 6 and cross Ambanja, Ankaramihely and on to17 Km, Beraty. From Beraty drive on 62 Km toward the park. Ambanja - Ankaramihely is a tarred road in good state, practicable all year round. Ankaramihely - Beraty is in bad condition a secondary road
From Antananarivo, it is a journey of two days. 
East Entry
By Road : 

Rally Ambanja - Antanambao, then Ambahatra that will lead you to the entry of the park. It is a road in bad condition of 42 km on a secondary track. It is practicable from June to December.
By Taxi-brousse :

Bus Station : 
- Road Station Bazaribe Ambanja, every day
- Road station of Antsohihy, every day.
By Plane :

Air Madagascar assures a regular flight toward Nosy Be, Antsohihy or Antsiranana. The transfer toward the reserve Head Office in Ambanja is done by car. From Antsiranana, it is a road of 236 km, in 4 hours. From Antsohihy, it is a road of 201 Km, in 3 hours 30. From Nosy Be, it is a sea crossing then by car in a journey of 25 Km done in 2 hours 30.

Pour l’heure, la Réserve ne dispose pas encore de circuits mais il regorge de sites intéressants.

The Office of the Reserve is Ambanja. The Reserve arranges neither tourist circuits nor lodgings. However, Ambanja has hotels of various ranges.

For the time, the park doesn't have any circuits yet but it overflows with interesting sites. Thus, at 15 Km on the national Road N° 6, you will find the Cascade of Mahamanina. It is a waterfall of 60m surrounded with a lush vegetation. Two other cascades are found 14 Km on the road of Sambirano. They punctuate the river of Mirahavavy and are surrounded by a vegetation as verdant as lush. To your swimsuits!

Also discover the village of Mahilaka. According to the archaeologists, would be the oldest village discovered in Madagascar. It would date in the 18th century. The vestiges of the walls and the china objects of trade of this time are even visible. Mahilaka is on the track leading to the West entry of the Reserve on the National Road N°6, you have the possibility to take a guide from Djangoa, a village on this road.
Every year, in September, the traditional artists of the region organize the "Sorogno" that is a cultural demonstration, high in color. Every five years, during four days in the month of August, the Sakalava of the region of Manongarivo solicit the blessing of the forebears. It is a ritual baptized as Valambita. 
For the note "of the soil", visit the market in the villages surrounds the reserve. Thursday is the market of fish, it is the ideal moment to taste the local gastronomy.

No image available.