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Madagascar National Parks

Terrestrial National Park
Baie de Baly
Kirindy Mitea
Mananara Nord
Midongy Befotaka
Montagne d'Ambre
Tsingy de Namoroka
Zombitse Vohibasia

Marine national Park
Mananara Nord

Complete Natural Reserve

Special Reserve
Anjanaharibe Sud
Beza Mahafaly
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Tampoketsa Analamaintso

News of Maningoza protected area
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The Special Reserve of Maningoza also called the forest of Mandilohalika is located the Northwest of Madagascar east of Antsalova, in the Sub-Prefecture and the Municipality of Besalampy, Region Melaky, This Region is part of the rice granary of Madagascar.

The Special Reserve of Maningoza spreads on 7,900 ha at an altitude of 0 to 800m. The average rainfall is estimated at 1,300 mm per year. The average temperature remains above 24 ° C. Contrasting seasons gives irregular flow to a number of waterways, punctuated by flash floods and low flows.

The fauna

Maningoza shelters 15 species of mammals, four species of amphibian, 27 species of reptiles and 73 species of birds. The ornithological fauna of this Reserve is especially constituted with specific species of the west although birds of the Northwest and the Southwest of Madagascar. The Schlegel’s asity Philepitta schlegeli and Madagascar blue pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis are very common , it’s the same with the giant coua Coua gigas.
Among the mammals, we can find, among others, three species of insectivores, five varieties of lemurs (3 diurnal species: Eulemur fulvus rufus, Propithecus verreauxi deckeni et Hapalemur griseus, et 2 nocturnal species : Microcebus murinus et Cheirogaleus medius) and two endemic species of carnivores, Cryptoprocta ferox and Eupleres goudotii.
The amphibians are represented by Ptychadenidae and Mantellidae frog. These are a common species within south west and western domains of Madagascar.

The flora

In the dense dry forest and the sub-humid dense forest, 165 species spread on 114 kinds and 59 families have been counted. The caducious dense dry forest of Maningoza has an extensively superior forest potential while the subhumid dense forest comes closer to the humid dense forest of medium altitude of the East even though it is poorer in the floristic point of view.  
The most frequent families are the Dalbergias and the Commiphoras. The families that are well represented are the Rubiaceaes that have 19 species, the Euphorbiaceaes and its 11 species, the Sterxuliaceaes and its 7 species and the Apocynaceaes and its 6 species.
78% of the recorded species are endemic to Madagascar and 22% are non endemic. It is a distribution that testifies the originality of the insular flora and the present geographical situation of Madagascar in tropical environment.
Several ecosystems have been identified there in the Reserve: a dense dry forest on 1,517ha; a sub-humid dense forest over 5,611ha; a ripicole forest of savannas with or without woody elements and bamboos.
The savannas occupy 2,637 ha that's 27% of the surface of the Reserve. In Maningoza, it is dominated by Heteropogon contortus, Hyparrenhia rufa, Loudetia simplex, and Aristida rufescens. These varieties are well adapted to the annual destruction of their vegetative parts by fire. They can reach 2 m of height at the end of the rainy season.

Travel shrewd...

For a stay in South Maningoza, have on your rain gear, walking shoes, light clothes for the day and warm at night. Protect yourself from sunlight and do not forget your emergency kit and your anti-mosquito lotion. Bring your packs of mineral water. If you intend to spend the night do not forget your camping equipment

The history of the Special Reserve

Maningoza was declared a Special Reserve in 1956. The Special Reserve of Maningoza shelters one of the last bastions of the tropical dry forest on ironitic soil of the West Madagascar. Numerous species of endemic flora and fauna, rare or endangered coexist in there.

Endangered species

The area is mainly populated by the Sakalava, but there are other several migrating ethnic groups: the Tanalas, Tsimihety, Antandroy, Antemoro, Betsimisaraka and Betsileo. The proximity of the villages of the Reserve of Maningoza is today a threat for the conservation of this site. In fact, the Reserve is threatened by the fires of the savanna, particularly spectacular because lit late at the end of dry season. The surrounding forest ecosystems suffer because fires erode the border of the Reserve. The forests are generally cleared for the plantation cultures on burnt lands, named "hatsaka or tetik'ala". There are found in the edge of forests or in the heart of the Reserve. The villagers cultivate rice, cassava, maize and tobacco mainly in these areas. The soil, after having lost its plant cover is degraded, and is exposed to the erosion during the rainy season and to the heat at its surface. 
Maningoza is not spared by the collections of construction wood and medicinal plants, collection of forest products such as honey used by the local population. These massive collections reduce the seeding that assures the regeneration of the forest, damage the vegetation and the capacity of flora to reconstitute itself. Hunting, more and more selective, threat some leading species as the lemurs and the turtles of soft water. The collection of crocodile eggs (Crocodilus niloticus) could decrease strongly the population of this species in Maningoza.  
The region has a tropical climate in alternate seasons. From December to April, the Monsoon coming from the Northwest blows on Maningoza, bringing heavy rains. From May to November, the trade dries the time.

The microprojects of Maningoza
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From Antananarivo join Besalampy taking the National Road N°1. Bifurcate then in Ampako, Ambalamaro, close to the Reserve.  It is tarred until Tsiroanomandidy over 200 km and secondary in a very bad state until the Reserve.
Antananarivo-Morondava - Maningoza. 
Antananarivo - Morondava is a distance of 600km, including 100km of road being rehabilitated.

From Morondava join Maningoza.
It is accessible by 4x4 and only in dry season, between May and November, by the track that joins Morondava, Belo on Tsiribihina and Bekopaka. 5 km from Bekopaka we can take the plane: there is a small track of aviation arranged but the servicing is not regular. We can also cross the Manambolo River by ferry or by dugout toward the Reserve of Maningoza.

The Special Reserve of Maningoza hasn't got a welcome infrastructure yet for your visits.

The Special Reserve of Maningoza hasn't got a welcome infrastructure yet for your visits.
It is best to contact the headquarters of Madagascar National Parks in Antananarivo for your stay.

Contacts :

Madagascar National Parks
Immeuble Madagascar National Parks
Ambatobe - BP 1424
101 Antananarivo

Tél : + (261 20) 22 415 38
        + (261 20) 22 418 83

Email :

The Special reserve of Maningoza hasn't got a welcome infrastructure yet for your visits. Nevertheless, the site doesn't lack an appeal. Beyond the Reserve, visit the beach of Marofototra 19 km of Maningoza, only accessible in dry season.

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