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Madagascar National Parks

Terrestrial National Park
Baie de Baly
Kirindy Mitea
Mananara Nord
Midongy Befotaka
Montagne d'Ambre
Tsingy de Namoroka
Zombitse Vohibasia

Marine national Park
Mananara Nord

Complete Natural Reserve

Special Reserve
Anjanaharibe Sud
Beza Mahafaly
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Tampoketsa Analamaintso

News of Kasijy protected area
News are ongoing...

Kasijy Special Reserve is located in the West. It is included in the Region Betsiboka. The Reserve is located in the rural commune of Antanimbaribe, Kandreho Subprefecture. Birds, reptiles and lemurs are the riches of this protected area. GPS 45°47’ - 46°02’of East longitude -16°59’ -17°07’ of North longitude .

Kasijy, 19,800 ha, spreads over the west of the Mahavavy River, in the Region of Betsiboka. It is a Reserve with a very rich ecosystems. The savanna and the steppe cover 14,931 ha, the sub-humid dense forest on 4,394 ha. We can also find swampy formations, forests and lakes there.

The fauna
The Special Reserve of Kasijy counts 15 species of Mammals, six species of amphibian, 22 species of reptiles and 67 species of birds. 
On these species of birds, five appear in the list of the International Union for the Conservation of the Nature (IUCN). These are Madagascar little grebe Tachybaptus pelzenii (VU), Madagascar crested ibis Lophotibis cristata (NT), Henst’s Goshawk Accipiter henstii (NT), Madagascar sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis and tSchlegel’s Asity Philepitta schlegeli (NT). 43,2% of the recorded species are endemic to Madagascar, 34,3% are endemic to Madagascar, Comoros and the Mascareigne Island . 

Among the mammals, we can see three species of Micromammifères, two of which are rodents, Rattus rattus and Eliurus myoximus and an Insectivore: Suncus murinus. The Bush Pig (Potamocheros larvatus) that is an introduced animal in Madagascar has been marked in this Special Reserve. For the Lemurs, the reserve presents a more important diversity, compared to other reserves of this part of Madagascar as Bemarivo, Maningoza or Ambohijanahary In fact, we can  meet two subspecies of Propithecus : "deckeni" and "coronatus" as well as Phaner furcifer. 
The reptiles and amphibians of Kasijy are typical of the fauna of the Malagasy western region. Seven amphibian species has been discovered in three forests and four are semi-aquatic. Among the 22 species of reptiles catalogued is the freswater endemic turtle Erymnochelis madagascariensis classified as Crytically endangered by IUCN it was common there. The reserve holds also the famous nocturnal flat-tailed gecko (Uroplatus henkeli) and many other lizard terrestrial and arboreal species. All of the species are mostly endemic to Madagascar and living in the forest.

The flora

The Special Reserve of Kasijy has a high endemic flora rate that shows the uniqueness and fragility of its flora and its importance to biodiversity.

The most represented families are the Rubiaceae with 27 species, Euphorbiaceae with 16 species 11 species of  Ebenaceae, 10 species of Apilionaceae and 10 species of Moraceae.

Two hundred and sixteen (216) plant species are known in Kasijy. 105 among them are endemic to Madagascar and 16 have been introduced. The 4 kinds the most remarkable for their big wealth are Diospyros with eleven species, the Dalbergia with ten species, Grewia with seven species and the Rinorea with six species.  
Two types of forest ecosystems form the Reserve: the dense dry forest and the subhumid dense   forest of the west. The subhumid dense forest regenerates better and the plant species reconstitute themselves quickly. It has a potential of considerable woody production and an elevated endemism rate indicating its importance concerning biodiversity. 
The savanna nearly constitutes the totality of the non forest ecosystems of Kasijy, either 65% of the total area. It is essentially a shrubby savanna that possesses some woody savanna species as Dalbergia sp., Pouparlia sp, and a grassy savanna.


Travel shrewd...

Currently, no aid and logistics can welcome the visit of the Reserve, because of its difficult access.

The history of a Special Reserve
The Special Reserve was created in 1956. It is a site which deserves to become a link of the ecotourism but precarious servicing and insecurity, due to the enclavement, do not make things easier.  
The Sakalava and the Tsimihety, as well as some immigrants of the high plateau and the South live in the surroundings of the Reserve. The proximity of villages with the Reserve of Kasijy encourages the dependence on the forest of the inhabitants and some of their activities become a pressure for the biodiversity.  
Fires are the leading causes of degradation. They are generally lit to renew the grazing of livestock, to clarify the tracks as well as some forest areas where herds are grouped together.  The raving of the zebus is a degradation factor, because the peasants use the Reserve as a grazing area and ideal shelter for the zebus.. The small plants that are going to regenerate the forest are some downtrodden. Finally, some species of lemurs and birds are also threatened by the hunting.  
40°C the whole year !
The heat is intense in the region of Kasijy. It is a dry tropical climate that the meteorologists qualify as “ hot subhumid bioclimat”. That simply means that mercury boils all year round up to 40°C. The humid winds of the monsoon bring heavy rains from November to April but the dry season is tough.   
In spite of mountains chains that form crests of more than 1,000 m of altitude in the Southwest, Kasijy is a flat region. It is traversed by the Mahavavy that crosses the region from the South to the North, the Kiananga and the Kiranomena in the west, the Menavava and the Matsamaina in the East. These permanent rivers are sensitive enough to the storms and floods are large in rainy season. Kasijy is sowed with temporary rivers, water points and seasonal wetlands.

The microprojects of Kasijy
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The region of Kasijy is one of the worst managed in the island. Even in dry period, the road toward Kandreho is only possible with a strong car for all roads. The road, in a precarious state, is not maintained and the small tracks between the villages are not suitable for motor vehicles, even by bike. As in the old days, walking is the only way to arrive safely!   
Follow first the National Road N°4 towards Mahajanga.
Two accesses are possible : 
From the South, while passing through Kandreho, Antanimbaribe and Bemonto and pursuing on foot tracks toward the Reserve. Three days of walk are waiting for you.  
From the North side while crossing the plain of Ambato-Boeni, Sitampiky and Antondraka. This second journey is accessible by 4X4  car towards the North limit of the Reserve.

Currently, no aid and logistics can welcome the visit of the Reserve, because of its difficult access.

Currently, no aid and logistics can welcome the visit of the Reserve of Kasijy, because of the difficult access. It is better to contact the headquarters of Madagascar National Parks in Antananarivo to organize your visit.

Contacts :

Madagascar National Parks
Immeuble Madagascar National Parks
Ambatobe - BP 1424

101 Antananarivo

Tel: + (261 20) 22 415 38
        + (261 20) 22 418 83


Currently, no aid and logistics can welcome the visit of the Reserve, because of the difficult access.

Nevertheless, the reserve has its assets as the beautiful Mahavavy River and its beach of thin sand. The site is surrounded with a dense forest on slope, where grows the bouquets of bamboos. It is an idyllic landscape that will delight you. The Mahavavy is known for its crocodiles of a rare species, the Crocodilus miloticus and its turtles of soft water as the Erymnochelys madagascriensis.  
If you have a tour in its forest surrounding, you will perhaps find the colonies of lemurs  as Propithecus verreauxi deckeni and  Eulemur fulvus rufus. This forest is also populated with the lizard Uroplatus fimbriatus, the lizard incognito by excellence with its successful camouflage. Finally, the enthusiasts of avifaune will take their binoculars to appreciate the  Anhinga melanogaster, Ardea cinerea.

Finally, visit also the natural swimming pool that is close by.

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