The Special Reserve of Mangerivola spreads on 13005 ha. It is located on horseback between the Districts of Brickaville and Toamasina. Mangerivola is less than 50 km bird's fly from Toamasina, but remains isolated.
The fauna Travel shrewd...
Among the fauna of the Special Reserve of Mangerivola, the birds have the most varied species. On the 100 known species in the Reserve, there is the Serpent Eagle of Madagascar, Eutriorchis astur that is one of the rarest species of the world. There is the Red Owl, Tyto soumagnei, considered as one of the most exceptional endemic species of Madagascar and one of the most endangered owl in the world. Among these 100 species, 63 are endemic to Madagascar and 23 to the region. A big majority is localized in the humid dense forests of bass and average altitude.
Among the reptiles, the Special Reserve of Mangerivola counts 19 species, essentially the Western part. 50% of its chameleons are rare on a national scale. It is about Calumma gallus and Calumma furcifer as well as Boa manditra that appear in the red list of the International Union for the Conservation of the Nature (IUCN).
The Reserve contains 45 species of amphibian 25 of which belong to the genus Mantidactylus and 12 to Boophis. The rest is included within the families of Microhylidae and Ptychadenidae.
Finally, the Reserve also shelters species of typical lemurs of the Eastern center of the Mantadia corridor - Zahamena.
The best fauna of Mangerivola
1. Varikandana Varecia variegata variegata a kind of lemur, has a beautiful fur speckled with black and white. Its tail is black.
2. The Matoriandro or Tataro Caprimulgus madagascariensis of its scientific name is an endemic nocturnal bird of dark brown color. Its period of punter is between October and November.
3. Uroplatus fimbriatus or Antefisaka is a vulnerable chameleon, with flattened tail.
4. The Toho or Awaous sp is an endemic fish which can climb waterfalls.
The eastern rainforest species such as the brown mesite Mesitornis unicolor, the Madagascar wood rail Canirallus kioloides, the red-breasted coua Coua serriana, the Bernier’s vanga Oriolia bernieri and the Nelicourvi weaver Ploceus nelicourvi.
The Special Reserve of Mangerivola is composed of humid dense forests of low altitude up to 400 and 800 m, humid dense forests of medium altitude up to 800 and 1,200 m and the formations of altitude beyond 1200m. The humid dense forests of low altitude are formed with big trees of more than 20m of height. These are essentially the Schizolaenas, Ocotea, Symphonia, Trilepisium, Uapacca, and Canarium. In the case of the humid dense forests of medium altitude, the canopy varies from 10 to 15 m. The trees belong to the set in Tambourissa and Weinmannia. The shrubby stratum is composed of trees and bushes of 2 to 10 m. The species of palms are represented particularly well.
Introduced plants adapt well in the Reserve, as far as becoming invading at any moment as it is the case of the Lantana camara, Rubuses mauricana, Aframomums anguistifolium, and Psiadias altissima.
325 plant species are known in the Reserve. They represent 31.4% of 210 known families in the Malagasy flora. 170 are endemic that represent 52% of the vegetation of Mangerivola.
Currently, no aid and logistics can welcome the visit of the Reserve, because of its difficult access.
The history of the Special Reserve
The microprojects of Mangerivola
Mangerivola was classified as a Special Reserve in 1958 and the direct management by Madagascar National Parks was effective in 2001. The limits proposed on the FTM cards and IEFN are approximate enough. The total official surface is of about 11900 ha.
Being in the ecoregion of the East, Mangerivola is part of the forest hall between Mananara and Farafangana, among the richest species zones of Madagascar. Its dense humid forest sempervirente of 300 to 1,400 m forms the connection of the forest block in the west in the Mantadia and Zahamena. It is a shelter of rare and threatened species, a genetic reservoir and an area of scientific research. The Reserve has a dense ombrophile forest typical of the East. The relief, on crystalline pedestal is constituted of hills interrupted with narrow valleys. The Mount Mangerivola culminates on 1,484 meters. The yearly temperature varies between 21° and 24°C. July and August are the cool season; the heat comes back between December and February. Mangerivola is a current target of the tropical cyclones in the region.
The rivers of Mangerivola, the Morongolo, the Ambotohaka and the Ivondro water the hydroelectric dam of Volobe, irrigate the rice fields down below and supply the villages in drinking water. These are also ways of transportation of goods.
It is the humid dense forest of low altitude, the closest to the border, which is the most threatened by the intrusion of the surrounding populations. Reclamations, illicit cut, uncontrolled fires, ravings of livestock, hunt and poaching and collection of forest products are their current. The projects of conservation are spread to these villages in order to limit the recourse to resources of Mangerivola. 13 millions of Ar have been mobilized in order to finance communal projects as the construction of schools but also to throw generating activities of incomes as the market cultures, the cultures of ginger and the creation of nurseries.
Threat to the precious wood
Efforts for conservation is considerable. But much remains to be done; despite the initiatives undertaken the Special Reserve is not completely immune to the illicit operations. The wood is highly prized and the subject of trade. Transported back to a man, ebony and rosewood are sent to Anjahamana, following the river Sahanalaotra. Woods for cooking and for constructions are sometimes taken from the Reserve. However, at the request of the Waters and Forests Service, in order to preserve the riches of Mangerivola, some villages have agreed to reserve a small portion of the forest near their homes to their needs for wood.
The main access to the Reserve passes through Anjahamana, to the South, which is joined by a bad track via Andranobolahy from Ampasimadinika on the National Road N°2. All journeys from Anjahamana are done on foot. One day is necessary to reach the South limit (Andratambazaha) and several days to reach the North limit, in Fito Sahaviavy.
By Road :
Toamasina - Mangerivola. It is a secondary road of 128 km in bad state, practicable between September and December.
Take the National Road N° 2, toward Antananarivo. Join Ampasamadinika after 48 km where the office of the Reserve Special of Mangerivola is located. From there, pursue toward Andranobolaha 38 km from Ampasimadinika, and Anjahamana 50km from Ampasimadinika. Then Anjahamana, we continue about 30 km on foot during two days to reach the Reserve.
From Antananarivo, this journey represents 380 km of road in four days.
By Taxi-brousse :
Antananarivo - Ampasimadinika
Station in Antananarivo: Ambodivona, every day.
Ampasimadinika to Anjahamana.
Change a taxi-brousse
Toamasina to Ampasimadinika
Station in Toamasina - Frequency: every day
Anjahamana to Anjahamana
Frequency: every day
By Plane :
The Air Madagascar airline company assures a regular flight toward Toamasina. The transfer by road is possible until Anjahamana where you can rent a vehicle or taking the taxi-brousse. You must join the Reserve while browsing 30 km on foot during two days.
Currently, no aid and logistics can welcome the visit of the Reserve
The office of the Reserve is located in Ampasimadinika.
Madagascar National Parks Inter Regional Directorate in Toamasina
BP 548 – Salazamay
Tél : + (261 20) 53 327 07
Fax : + (261 20) 53 318 39
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Réserve Spéciale de Mangerivola
Madagascar National Parks