The Complete Natural Reserve of Betampona represents the biodiversity of the eastern coast of Madagascar.It is in the dense humid evergreen forest at low altitudes below 800 meters. The massive forest of Betampona presents a broken topography with a succession of steep mountains and slopes in some places.
The avifauna is rich in Betampona with 93 species of which 44 endemic to Madagascar and 18 to the Indian Ocean regions. The four species of Coua of the humid forest are found in there: Crested Coua ,Coua cristata ; Red-breasted Coua, Coua serriana ; Blue Coua, Coua caerulea and Red-fronted Coua, Coua reynaudii.
Four species are almost threatened in the red list of the International Union for the Conservation of the Nature (IUCN) Madagascar crested ibis Lophotibis cristata,Madagascar sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis; Henst’s Goshawk Accipiter henstii; and Xenopirostris polleni.
Eleven (11) species of lemurs were inventoried. One among them is seriously,threatened, Propithecus diadema, and 4 vulnerable mammal species appear in the red list of the IUCN.
Finally, on the 30 species of reptiles known in Betampona, one is seriously threatened : Paroedura masobe.
The best of the fauna of Betampona
1. Varecia variegata variegata. This white and black speckled fur lemur is at its home in Betampona.
2. Eulemur albifrons. This lemur has an orange brown fur, decorated with a white crown. It is found throughout the Reserve of Betampona all the year.
3. Helmeted Vanga, Euryceros prevostii. It is a bird with big blue beakand blackish tip. Its feather has the color of brick. This species is easy to see during the breeding period from September to March. It’s a threatened species and its distribution is very limited
4. Red-breasted Coua,Coua serriana. It is a dark blue feather bird. We can see it in the whole reserve from June to November.
5. Paroedura masobe. This reptile only lives in Betampona and Zahamena. We generally see it from April to June.
Betampona is also a rich reserve of flowers. Up to now, we have reckoned 219 woody plant species. 151 species of ptéridophyte, of which 53 are endemic to Madagascar. We can see 25 species of palms of which some are also part of the red list of the IUCN there.
The best flora of Betampona
1. Ramy or Canarium madagascariensis. It is a big brown color trunk, the diameter of which can reach 7m.
2. Mammea bongo drum or Zambo of its Malagasy name. This liana is localized in the surroundings of the forest of Betampona.
3. Aphloia theaformis or Fandramanana, which is medicinal a plant.
4. Combretum sp or Vahiatafana, which is an ornamental plant.
The protected area of Betampona belonging to category I of the International Classification of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), so a Complete Natural Reserve is managed primarily for protection of wilderness or scientific study. It is forbidden to enter, to travel and camping.
The history of the park
The Reserve of Betampona was created in 1927, to be put up to date in 1966. Genetic reservoir, Betampona is a shelter of rare species and threatened and a vast habitat for the specific species of the ecoregion.
Since 1996, Madagascar National Parks manages this protected area that belongs to the category of the International Classification of the International union of the Conservation of the Nature (IUCN).It is managed to protective ends of the wild nature or scientific survey. It is prohibited there from penetrating, to circulate and to camp. It is an ideal site for the researchers and the scientists. That will be able to bend especially on the medicinal plants.
The 12 rivers of Betampona and their torrential rises in the water level water the rice fields below the reserve. They also act as fluvial way for the transportation of products.
The microprojects of Betampona
Toamasina - Betampona is a road of 16h, tarred and practicable all year round but in bad state
By Road :
Take the National road N°5. Turn at 11Km to Ivoloina, while borrowing the road of provincial interest 7. Then drive on 35 Km until the reserve.
By Taxi-brousse :
Bus station: Road station (Tranonjiro Ankirihiry), every day.
As Betampona is classified Complete Natural Reserve, it has no tourist infrastructure like track, welcome, center of interpretation.
As Betampona is classified Complete Natural Reserve, it has no tourist infrastructure like track, welcome, center of interpretation
Direction Inter-Régionale de Madagascar National Parks à Toamasina
BP 548 - Salazamay
Tél : + (261 20) 53 327 07
Fax : + (261 20) 53 318 39
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Betampona :
CR : RAKOTOMAMONJY Jean- Jacques