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Madagascar National Parks

Terrestrial National Park
Baie de Baly
Kirindy Mitea
Mananara Nord
Midongy Befotaka
Montagne d'Ambre
Tsingy de Namoroka
Zombitse Vohibasia

Marine national Park
Mananara Nord

Complete Natural Reserve

Special Reserve
Anjanaharibe Sud
Beza Mahafaly
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Tampoketsa Analamaintso

News of Ambohijanahary protected area
News are ongoing...

The Special Reserve of Ambohijanahary is in the MidWest, by the limit of the plateau of Bongolava. This Reserve is especially known for its rare and threatened ecosystem : the sclerophyllous forest of medium altitude (800 to 1600 m). GPS 18°32 South - 45°26 East.

Ambohijanahary has 24,750 ha of surface. This Special Reserve of Ambohijanahary is on horseback between the Regions of Menabe and Melaky, on the axis road Tsiroanomandidy - Maintirano. For now, no infrastructure is available to welcome the visits.

The fauna

The special Reserve of Ambohijanahary is varied enough and endemic. Nine species of amphibian have been counted, against 21 species of reptiles going from the geckos and iguanas to the snakes. 97% of the species observed are endemic to Madagascar.

Among the mammals, Ambohijanahary contains only one species of insectivore: Microgale brevicaudata and 3 species of Malagasy endemic tenrecs. These varieties of mammals hibernate in dry season. On the other hand, only one species of diurnal lemur, Propithecus deckeni, is known in Ambohijanahary. This lemur generally with silken white fur and big blacks blob on the neck and the back has completely colonized the forests of the Special Reserve. The lemur is called also" Tsibahaka vondromay ".

Two (2) species of carnivores, the endemic, Cryptoprocta ferox, Fosa of its Malagasy name and an introduced, the Viverricula indica or Jaboady, have been noticed in this forest of Ambohijanahary. Finally, the Bush Pig, Potamochoerus larvatus, introduced animals in Madagascar are apparently abundant in this Reserve

Among the birds, the species are less rich than the other Malagasy protected areas although Ambohijanahary presents a certain interest for the ornithologists. 57 species of birds of which more than 50% endemic to Madagascar, and more than 35 % endemic to Mascareignes islands overfly the Special Reserve. This site is considered as intermediate habitat as we observed the eastern species such as, the Madagascar blue pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis an eastern rainforest species and the Tylas vanga Tylas edwardi. Western species like the Sickle-billed Vanga Falculea palliata and the Crested coua Coua cristata are also observed.

The flora

Five different ecosystems cohabit in the Special Reserve of Ambohijanahary. The dense sclerophyte forest that spreads on 8,794 ha, the clear sclerophyte forest that occupies 3,419 ha, the grassland and the lined at Nastus borbonicus: 12,174 ha, the water plans and the bare zones, sands or rocks that represent 6 ha. 208 plant species are counted on the whole protected area. The Rubiaceaes, and its 21 species, are the well represented families. The Sarcolenaceaes train the unique endemic family, and the Diospyros kinds (5 species) and Macaranga (5 species) are the most varied.

Vegetation varies appreciably as one grows up. A subsidence of about hundred meters can already create a beautiful variety of plants. Ocotea cymosa and Ocotea auriculiformis abound in the dense sclerophyte forest. Brachylaenas merana and Anthocleista madagascariensis colonize the crest.

On the other hand, the gramineous that are the ultimate stage of deterioration of the surrounding forest, occupy a few less the half of the reserve: 12,174 ha. Hyparrhenia rufa, Aristida rufescens, and Penllisetum polystachyum are the most met. In spite of the consequences of the bush fires, this hemicryptophytes species adapt well. Finally, a particular formation constituted with Bamboos or Nastus borbollicus, of 8 to 10 m of height, is present in Ambohijanahary. These bamboos are raised and hooked to the extremity: it is very dense and inextricable.

Travel shrewd...

For now, no infrastructure is available to welcome the visits.

The history of the Reserve

The Special Reserve of Ambohijanahary was created in 1958 That is a place that can become only a protected area, because of its ironitic fragile soils, its fauna and its flora and particularly the dense sclerophyte forest that is typical of Ambohijanahary. The Sakalava have lived there since always in this region although other ethnic minority groups cohabit in their side. They generally live with livestock because this region is in fact the park of zebus' of Madagascar. The culture of rice, cassava, the corn and the beans mobilize the earths below. Aviculture, the apiculture, the pisciculture and the fishing in the lakes are also sources of incomes for the inhabitants.

A conquered country?

But the sword of Damoclès also plane in Ambohijanahary. The human activities become for the special reserve as many dangers as for the survival of its biodiversity. IIn fact, the villages are founded close to Ambohijanahary, facilitating the access at the forest. The surveillance being inarticulate, the inhabitants tend to consider the reserve like a "conquered country ".

The bush fires are the most devastating. Unfortunately, these are provoked deliberately at the end of the dry season for the grazing of livestock. The consequences are catastrophic for the ecosystem of Ambohijanahary. 

The special reserve of Ambohijanahary, a succession of crests and talwegs, cutting some hills at the stiff and steep slopes, is perched on the heights. The altitude often passes the 900 m. But its Western part is a vast plain and the plateau of 200 to 400m of altitude. 

A climate contrasted transition between the west and the center of Madagascar, reign on Ambohijanahary and its surrounding. The irregular regimes of the rivers, brutal and rhythmic rises in the water level and very weak low-water mark create a contrast between the dry and tepid season and the very hot rainy season is marked enough. But these rivers dry up quickly in dry season: the products of the erosion clutter the beds of thick benches of sands.

The microprojects of Ambohijanahary
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For now, no infrastructure is available to welcome the visits.

For now, the Special Reserve of Ambohijanahary have no welcome in place, It is best to contact the headquarters of Madagascar National Parks in Antananarivo.

Contacts :

Immeuble Madagascar National Parks
Ambatobe - BP 1424
101 Antananarivo

Tél. : + (261 20) 22 415 38
         + (261 20) 22 418 83

Email :


Good plans are ongoing.

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