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Madagascar National Parks

Terrestrial National Park
Baie de Baly
Kirindy Mitea
Mananara Nord
Midongy Befotaka
Montagne d'Ambre
Tsingy de Namoroka
Zombitse Vohibasia

Marine national Park
Mananara Nord

Complete Natural Reserve

Special Reserve
Anjanaharibe Sud
Beza Mahafaly
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Tampoketsa Analamaintso

News of Tsimanampesotse protected area
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The National Park of Tsimanampesotse is in the Southwest. It is part of the first ten Madagascar reserves created in 1927 before the signing in 1933 of the London International Convention for the protection of fauna and flora in Africa. Tsimanampesotse has the unique saturated sulphate lake of the island. 75 to 90% of its fauna and its flora are endemic.

National Park Tsimanampesotse covers 43,200 ha. Lake Tsimanampesotse is the first Ramsar site in Madagascar classified by the International Convention on Wetlands. This is also the only protected area within the limestone plateau and the coastal area along the coastline of the South West.

The fauna

Tsimanampesotse contains among others, 112 species of birds including 5 species of Coua existing on the nine of Madagascar, 42 herpetofauna species including 39 reptiles, 4 species of lemurs of which 2 diurnal lemurs (Lemur catta and Propithecus verreauxii verreauxii and 2 nocturnal (Microcebus griseorufus and Lepilemur) and a species of blind fish living in the underground cave, Typhleotris madagascariensis.

The best fauna of Tsimanampesotse

1. The Greater Flamingo, with an important colony can see all year round Lake Tsimanampesotse.

2. Galidictis grandidieri, a Mongoose. It is a nocturnal carnivore, endemic to the region. We can find it at the foot of the cliff.

3. Geochelone radiata, Radiated turtle. This terrestrial turtle is endemic to the South West .

4. Typhleotris madagascariensis. This blind fish lives in the underground cave of Tsimanampesotse.

5. Red-shouldered Vanga, Calicalicus rufocarpalis, a new species discovered at saint-Augustin is very common at Tsimanampesotse.

6. Lafresnaye’s Vanga, Xenopirostris xenopirostris, an endemic local at the south between Mangoky river and east of Fort-Dauphin. It’s very common at Tsimanampesotse .

7. Archbold’s Newtonia, Newtonia archboldi, an endemic regional species as it’s restricted at the south of Madagascar is very common at Tsimanampesotse...

The flora

185 plant species grows in Tsimanampesotse.

Travel shrewd...

March-December is the ideal period to admire the landscape of Tsimanampesotse. April-November is the season of the Flamingos. For your stay, bring binocular, camera, pocket-sized lamp to visit the underground cave and camping equipment. Supply yourselves with food supplies and mineral water in bottle. The visits are done themselves only between 7a.m in and 5 p.m 
The nearest banks are in Toliara. There is a health center in Efoetse and Beheloka. Beheloka also has a private doctor. The Park of Tsimanampesotse assures the first cares in case of accidents. Betioky is covered by Zain telephone networks. Anakao, by Zain, Orange and Telma.

The history of the park

Tsimanampesotse became the 10th Malagasy Complete Natural Reserve and the first of Toliara in 1927. Initialy, the Reserve spread on 17,520ha. Its surface area increased to 43,200 ha in 1966 when it became the 16th National Park. In the late 1930s, the National Park of Tsimanampesotse has attracted the Great family of the Protection and the Conservation of Nature. An interest that has been served in the park: Tsimanampesotse appears in the national and international orderings. The Mahafaly and the Vezo live in the region of Tsimanampesotse. 

Unique protected area installed on the coastline of the South and on the calcerous plateau of Mahafaly, Tsimanampesotse is dry most of the year with less 300mm/year of rain. The average temperature is above 23°C. Lake Tsimanampesotse is of a turquoise bruise that turns to the green topaz. It is translated literally " lake without dolphins ", a real oasis in this place known for being one of the driest of Madagascar.

The microprojects of Tsimanampesotse
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The National Park of Tsimanampesotse is located in the South Western part of Madagascar, 85km to bird flight to the South of Toliara, in the Region Atsimo Andrefana. You will reach it on road, by car or by cart, by boat and by plane.


By road :

Toliara - Tsimanampesotse: 300Km on a practicable secondary road. 10h of travel since Toliara and 3 days from Antananarivo. Take the National Road N°10. Fork in Befaha, 20km south of Betioky South. Then browse a distance of 102 km to reach the park.

By boat :

Take the boat for Anakao in Toliara. The boats are available every day, wearing of life jacket is recommended. The crossing lasts 4h for 85km. Transfer to the park is by car.

By Plane :

The Air Madagascar provides a regular service to Toliara. The transfer to Tsimanampesotse is: By car 300 km of road for 10h.

By Sea :

Take a boat or a dugout (for adventurers) to Anakao. The transfer to the park by car. It is a journey of 85 km in 4 hours. Possibility to rent a speedboat, a motor boat, or ... a cart!

Four circuits make the tour of the National Park of Tsimanampesotse

Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The ciruit of Andaka Duration: 45 min
Distance : 0,45 km

This circuit brings you on the outskirts of the magnificent lake of Tsimanampesotse where sits Flamingos. Andaka is inaccessible during period of rain.
Tariffs for simple circuit:
Guidance : 10.000 Ar
Carrier : 5.000 Ar

Tariffs for looped circuit
Guidance : 15.000 Ar
Carrier : 10.000 Ar


Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The circuit of Andalamaiky Duration : 2Std
Distance : 5 km

The birdwatchers will love this tour that will take them to the meet the flights of birds of Tsimanampesotse. You will also visit the forest of Pachypodium geayi and the baobabs. The circuit ends by the discovery of the underground cave of the park.
Tariffs for simple circuit
Guidance: 10.000 Ar
Carrier : 5.000 Ar

Tariffs for looped circuit
Guidance : 15.000 Ar
Carrier : 10.000 Ar


Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The circuit of Emande Duration : 3h
Distance : 4 km

You will cross a forest of baobabs that will lead you to one panoramic point of view of the Tsimanampesotse lake.
Tariffs for simple circuit
Guidance : 10.000 Ar
Carrier : 5.000 Ar

Tariffs for looped circuit
Guidance : 15.000 Ar
Carrier : 10.000 Ar

Available camping area :
10 tents for 30 people
Tariff: Ar 10,000 /night


Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The lake of Tsiamaso Duration : 2h
Distance : 1,5 km

Crossing the dry forest to the caves where live blind fish.
Tariffs for simple circuit
Guidance : 10.000 Ar
Carrier : 5.000 Ar

Tariffs for Loop circuit:
Guidage : 15.000 Ar
Porteur : 10.000 Ar

Camping area available :
10 tents for 30 people
Ar 10,000 / night

Rates for simple circuit:
Guidance : 10.000 Ar
Carrier : 5.000 Ar

Rates for Loop circuit :
Guidance : 15.000 Ar
Carrier : 10.000 Ar

To organize your stay, rendez-vous at the office of welcome of the Park in Efoetse. All payment is done at the unique ticket window of the Madagascar National Parks. Two English-speaking and French-speaking guides work in the park.

Besides the areas of camping in the circuits, the park also has a land to camp on:

- Soarano, for 30 people. Tariff: Ar10,000 / night / person

- Mitoho, 10 tents for 20 people. Ar10,000 / night / person

Various lodgings, from the most rudimentary to the comfortable hotels, are available. For a simple stay, lodge at the inhabitant's .

Trekking, birdwatching and swimming are provided at Tsimanampesotse National Park. Around the park, fans can enjoy surfing the waves! The beach is 2.5 km, accessible by foot, wagon or cart. It is also an ideal place to observe whales and dolphins.

The population of this region of Tsimanampesotse have a very particular tradition: they only bury their deceased "officially" between August and October. Then, Funeral ceremony leads to a spectacular ceremony.

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