The Bay of Baly is 150 km from Mahajanga, in the heart of the Commune of Soalala and Ambohipaky. The Park covers 57,142 ha. Its major rivers are the Kapiloza, bordering the Park in the south, and the Andranomavo that flows in the Mozambique Channel in the Bay of Baly.
The fauna of Baly is for the enthusiasts of wild life an authentic paradise. We find 13 species of mammals there of which eight primates, four rodents, two carnivores and one of artiodactyle. 37 species of reptiles, 8 species of amphibian and 122 birds including 55 watersbird have been recorded in the Park. 86% of waterbirds of Madagascar live in the Bay and nest in colony. In fact, the Park is in the limelight a site of nest building of the guidance Tariff, camping and crossing of the Bay of Baly. But it is the turtle Astrochelys yniphora which the official mascot of the Bay of Baly. Finally, the Park is home to 3 diurnal lemurs and 5 nocturnal.
The best fauna of the Baly Bay
1. The Angonoka, the Plowshare turtle or Astrochelys yniphora is the most emblematic animal of Baly as endemic to this region. Meet it in the Beaboaly circuit between December and May.
2. The Madagascar Fish-eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides of its Malagasy name “Ankoay” is an endemic bird of this region. We find it on the outskirts of the Sariaka lake from May to October. This diurnal raptor is the only classified as critical raptor species in Africa. This is the biggest raptor in Madagascar.
3. Propithecus deckeni is strictly diurnal and Eulemur fulvus rufus is a cathemeral lemurs. Both are known under the name of Bemosary. We find it all year round in Baly.
4. The Malagasy pond heron Ardeola idae, an endemic and very threatened (EN) water bird of Madagascar is common at Bay of Baly. This species is migrating in Africa outside of breeding period.
129 species splited in 109 kinds belonging to 66 families counted in the forest of the Bay of Baly. Among this flora, we find 24 species of Fabaceae, 9 Apocynaceaes, 9 Euphorbiaceaes, 8 Rubiaceace, 7 Anacardiaceae The tree species most common are Gyrocarpuses americanus and Erythrephleums coumanga.
Pork meat is forbidden in Baly and the peanuts are taboo, during the boat crossing. It is recommended to carry away material of camping and cream against the mosquitos. The nearest banks are in Mahajanga. The nearest health center, in Soalala that is covered by the telephone network of Telma.
The park history
The Bay of Baly National Park was inaugurated in 1997. With the Tsingy of Namoroka, the Bay of Baly forms a Complex of Protected Area that is managed by direct control. The majority of people of the Bay of Baly is Sakalava. 25% are migrants such as Betsirebaka, Betsileo, Merina, Bara, Tsimihety and Antandroy. They are farmers, ranchers and fishermen and are generaly Muslim.
The Bay of The Angonoka
The Bay of Baly National Park has a particularity that makes it precious for the conservation: It is not the last but the unique refuge in the world of the Angonoka, also known as Astrochelys yniphora. It is a rare turtle in its own natural habitat, thicket Perrierbambos madagascariensis, also is endemic of Soalala. The lakes and swamps sprinkled here and there in the Park protect migratory waterbirds that live in colony in the Park, freshwater turtle Erymnochelys madagascariensis (Crytically Endangered) and threatened marine mammal species like the Dugong Dugong.
When the sea meets the earth
The Bay of Baly is also the unique Park that preserves two diametrically opposite natural habitat, the terrestrial ecosystem and marine ecosystem: the forest and the savanna. It is an alliance that permitted the birth of a first category wood, according to the classification of the Ministry of Waters and Forests: Erythrophleum couminga or Koumanga. The Bay of Baly borders the western coast of Madagascar. Its relief is relatively flat , the highest altitudes is 50 m in the west and 80 m in the East. At the heart of the Park, the tropical ferruginous soil covers much of the region. The bay rests on a sandy shell that covers rocks and calcareous sedimentary characteristics of the west of Madagascar.
Between monsoon and trade wind
It is hot and slightly humid in Soalala. The dry season lasts 7 months, from April to October. The average temperature is 27.8°; March is the warmest with 28°C. July is a “cold” month with 24.2°C! The southern trade wind blows throughout the day during the dry season. It makes the winter dry due to the fœhn effect.
The microprojects of Baie de Baly
To join the Bay of Baly, you have the choice between one journey on a practicable secondary road of hand in November, the buses, the boat or the plane.
Take the National Road N°19. Cross the Bay of Bombetoka to join Katsepy. From Katsepy, join the Commune of Soalala that is 150 km. This journey takes 8 hours. This secondary road is only practicable from May till November.
By Taxi- Brousse:
Join Katsepy by Taxi-Brousse. The service is done every day, but the departure depends on the filling of the bus.
The departure is in Mahajanga. The crossing takes 6 to 12 hours according to the boat. The boat is rented, depending on availability. Be careful peanuts are taboo on board!
The Air Madagascar Company provides a non-scheduled flight to the airport of Soalala. The transfer toward the Park is done by car, but it is necessary to negotiate with the owners of the vehicles in Soalala that is 5 km from the airport.
The Angonoky and the Ankoay are the leading species Baly Bay. The two circuits of the national park give you the opportunity to discover each of them:
|The Angonoky circuit
||Duration : 3h trekking
Distance : 4 km
This circuit takes you to the meeting of the local endemic turtle, the Angonoky. You will also have the opportunity to discover diurnal lemurs.
|Tariff of guidance and crossing of the Baly Bay by motor boat : Ar 120,000
|The Ankoay circuit
||Duration : 2 days on average
Distance : 25 km of road
This circuit crosses an ornithological observation site or the birdwatchers will discover the Ankoay, the Mycteria ibis, and the newly split endemic species Threskornis bernieri.
|Tariff of guidance, camping and crossing of the Baly Bay by motor boat : Ar 120,000 per day
Veuillez contacter le bureau de la Direction interrégionale de Madagascar National Parks à Mahajanga ou le bureau du parc de Baie de Baly qui se trouve à Soalala.
Nos agents vous aideront dans l’organisation de votre visite.
Direction Inter-régionale de Madagascar National Parks in MAHAJANGA,
14 Rue Philibert Tsiranana,
Tél / Fax : + (261 20) 62 226 56
GSM : + (261 32) 52 349 00
+ (261 33) 09 866 56
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Parc National Baie de Baly / Namoroka :
Appartement EZIDINY – Soalala 420
DP : Jean Claude RAKOTONIRINA
Tél.: 033 11 968 89
Would you like to impregnate yourselves to the local custom? Attend the" Fanompoana ", a yearly event where the Sakalava tribe brings some offerings to the ancestors resting in the" Doany, tomb of the ancestors or kings. The respect to the deceased is an infallible tradition in this Malagasy region.
If you are lucky, you will also attend the Fitampoha. It is a great ceremony that is celebrated every five or seven years. The descendants of the royal family organize some festivities during which the sacred objects that once belonged to the ancestors, kept in a" mohara volamena ", horn of gold, came out again to be immersed in the waters of the big courses. It is a centennial custom at the Sakalavas.
The visitors can attend these ceremonies if they respect the "fomba" or uses required.