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Madagascar National Parks

Terrestrial National Park
Baie de Baly
Kirindy Mitea
Mananara Nord
Midongy Befotaka
Montagne d'Ambre
Tsingy de Namoroka
Zombitse Vohibasia

Marine national Park
Mananara Nord

Complete Natural Reserve

Special Reserve
Anjanaharibe Sud
Beza Mahafaly
Cap Sainte Marie
Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
Tampoketsa Analamaintso

News of Andohahela protected area
News are ongoing...

The National Park of Andohahela is in the extreme south eastern part of Madagascar. Its asset? Andohahela is the only Malagasy protected area that shelters both dense and humid forest in the South of the Tropic of Capricorn. It is also the natural link that joins the ecoregion of the East to the one of the South. GPS: 24°30’South - 25°02’South and 46°32’East - 46°54’East.

The National Park of Andohahela is located in the Androy Region, halfway between the districts of Taolagnaro and Amboasary-Sud while borrowing the National Road no. 13. It spreads on 76,020 ha, of an altitude of 120 to 1,972 meters

Among others, the landscape, fauna and flora are of an astonishing variety in Andohahela, given the mixture of the South and the East within this park. But as in most National Parks of the island, the rate of endemism is important in there.

The fauna

Andohahela shelters 12 species of lemurs and five among them are lemurs of dry forest; 129 species of birds, 69 species of reptiles and 49 species of amphibian, of which four live in dry forest. The lemurs are the most sought by the tourists. But the Maki know by scientist as Lemur catta takes back the charts. Gray with an arranged tail in ring of white and black, and 50 cm high, the Maki, that lives in large family group (multimale-multifemale social structure with 1 alpha female), can be seen in Ihazofotsy.

The best fauna of Andohahela

1. The Sifaky or Verreaux’s Sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi ) is a familiar lemur of the spiny bushes. We can find the Sifaky in group in Mangatsiaka and Ihazofotsy.

2. The collared brown lemur or Eulemur collaris is a medium-sized lemur with a body weight of 2.25-2.5 kg. This species is sexually dichromatic. Males: the dorsal coat is brownish-gray. The tail is darker and there is also a dark stripe alone the spine. The ventral coat is a paler gray. The muzzle, face and crown are dark gray to black. The creamy to rufous-brown cheeks and beard are thick and bushy, while the creamy to gray – colored eyebrow patches vary in their prominence. Females: the dorsal coat is browner or more rufous than that of the female. The ventral coat is pale creamy-gray. The face and the head are gray. The checks are rufuos-brown, but less prominent than in the males. Both sexes have orange-red eyes. Of an orange brown color, this lemur has a beautiful golden collar. Alone, we can see it in Malio and Manangotry.

3. The Red-tailed newtonia Newtonia fanovanae, a bird of 15 to 20 cm of height is of gray color. It is an alone and insectivorous bird and generally lives in Manangotry and its vicinity, .

4. Some herpetofauna from Andohahela are rare or endemic to this southeastern region of Madagascar. Among the reptiles species, the day and rock dwelling gecko (Phelsuma malamakibo), the nocturnal gecko (Paragehyra gabriellae), the chameleon (Calumma capuroni), the brurrowing snake (Pseudoxyrhopus sokosoko), and the terrestrial lizard (). And for the frogs there are: Spinomantis guibei, Spinomantis microtis and Mantella haraldmeieri.

The flora

More than one thousand of plant species cohabit inside the National Park of Andohahela. It is counted to be six of the eleven species of the endemic Didieraceae family of the South; 207 species and varieties of ferns of which more than 90% in humid forest. And finally, you will not miss the endemic species of palms of Andohahela and its surounding. The bouquet that vegetation forms, the tropical and humid forests, and the spiny encourage the blossoming of Dypsis decaryi or trihedral palm. It is the most endemic palm in this region.

The best of Andohahela flora

1. The trihedral palm or Dypsis decaryi is a local endemic plant: it is a palm with three sides. We can find it all year round in Tsimelahy.

2. The Pachypodes or dwarf Baobab, a shrunken plant that is found all year round in Tsimelahy.

3. Alluaudia procera, Octopus tree known as Fantsiolitse. Endemic to the South of Madagascar, this plant is found all year round in Ihazofotsy and Mangatsiaka. This spiny plant, with 8 to 12m high blooms in August and September.

4. Diospiros sp, wood of ebony or Maintifo. Tree with green leaf and brown trunk spred along; it can reach up to 20 m. It blossoms in June and carry its fruits in July.

5. Wild vanilla also named Vahinamalo. This epiphyte liana is an endemic leafless plant and decorated with a big white flower. It blooms from August to September.

6. The Ravinala or tree of the traveler is endemic of Madagascar. It measures between 4 and 12 m and its leaves and trunks are green. The Ravenala blooms all year round.

7. Dracaena reflexa or Hasina of its Malagasy name is 6 to 12m high. All year round, its leaves are verdant and its flowers, in full bloom.

Travel shrewd...

For your comfort, you should bring in your luggages light clothes and raincoat for your days in sites of dry forest and transition forest (Mangatsiaka, Ihazofotsy and Tsimelahy) and warm clothes for the sites of humid forest (Manangotry, Malio). Don't forget your mosquito repellant  product and mineral water in bottle.

Andohahela has some taboos or “Fady" according to the places.  Thus, in Tsimelahy, it is prohibited to take in goat and pork and to touch the two sacred lakes of Antaravola. At Mangatsiaka, turtles are considered as taboo animals. At Mangatsiaka and Ihazofotsy: the turtle is taboo and several places are consecrated; some parts of the forests of Andohahela shelter tombs and commemorative steles.

The closest banks (BOA, BFV-SG, BNI, Western Union) and health centers (Base Health Center Ranopiso, Manambaro, Isaka Ivondro, Ranomafana Ambatoabo Hospital) are located in Fort Dauphin

The park history

The National Park of Andohahela is classified World Natural Heritage of the Atsinanana since 2007.  Since its creation, in 1939, as a Complete Natural Reserve, Andohahela spreads on 30,000 hectares. In 1966, its surface has been raised to 76,020 hectares distributed in three parcels.  Andohahela became a National Park in 1997. In 1999, the Park got award as “The Best New Project Ecotouristic of the year”. It wins the Prize of the Silver Otter Award, in London. Historically, Antandroy and Antanosy lived in this region. They live by farming, apiculture and extensive livestock farming. The profits withdrawn by the entrance fees of Andohahela helped finance several micro projects for the 77,000 villagers of the surrounding municipalities.

An oasis in the desert

Andohahela is very representative of the Malagasy Grand South. We can find some lined xérophytes there: the African bush. Paradoxically, the Park also possesses a dense and humid forest, the only one in the South of the Tropic of the Capricorn. Andohahela is the link between the ecoregion of the East and the South. The rivers from the heart of these dense forests don't dry up. In the west the Mandrare stream flows, enlarged by its two affluents, the Mananara and the Manambolo. In the east side the rivers of Manampanihy spring that flees toward the northeast, and the Andriambe, joins the southeast. With such a hydrographic network, Andohahela has a lot to water the country of Androy and Anosy.

The crossing of the East and the South

Andohahela is the crossing of the ecoregions of the East and the South, the climate is very different between the three parcels of the Park. It is hot and humid in the east side and the mountain ranges of the Anosy. The average temperature ranges between 20 and 24°C.  The western side is dry for seven or eight months a year. The rainy season falls in January and February but it is a rain that doesn't persist.  The average temperature is from 22 to 26°C. The climate ranges from dry and the most in the junction forest between the East and the South.

The microprojects of Andohahela
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Antananarivo – Andohahela is a three-day-travel. The road is secondary and can be accessed in all season. Toliary - Andohahela is a little arduous, but not enough to discourage the backpacker as you are!


By Road :

Antananarivo-Andohahela :

Take the National Road N°7 (toward Toliary). Bifurcate in Ihosy for the National Road N°13. There is another new junction that will take you toward the villages near the National Park of Andohahela:

- In Amboasary, while turning toward Ihazofotsy* (35 km from Amboasary, 110 km from Fort-Dauphin.)

- In Ranomainty to join the village of Mangatsiaka*.(62km from the Park, that's 2h30 by 4WD car. )

- In Ankariera to join the Tsimelahy village* ( 56 km from the Park of Andohahela, that's 2 hours by 4WD car.)

- Manambaro to reach the village of Malio* (33 km from the Park that’s 2h drive by 4WD car.)

- And the road of Provincial interest N° 118 for Manangotry*.(46 km from the Park that’s 2h drive by 4WD car.)

*Villages near the Park.

Toliary – Andohahela :

It is a journey in two stages that alternate regional busses and walking. Ideal for the adventury-minded!

By Taxi-Brousse :

The bus to Taolagnaro (Fort Dauphin) :

Antananarivo – Taolagnaro : Monday, Thursday and Saturday
Toliary – Taolagnaro : Tuesday, Thursday and sunday

From Taolagnaro, we have the choice between:

- Joining Ankariera (every Tuesday) and walk on 8 km to the village of Tsimelahy*, near the Park.

- Joining Amboasary then on foot at 4 km from Ranomainty toward Mangatsiaka*.

- Joining Manambaro while going down before the bridge of Manambaro then walk  about 13 km toward Malio*.

Villages near the Parks.

The track is a cycle track, either for Mangatsiaka or Tsimelahy.

By Plane :

The Air Madagascar Company provides a scheduled flight from Antananarivo or Toliara to Fort Dauphin. TheTransfer to the Park of Andohahela is done by 4x4 cars.

Seven different circuits cross the national park of Andohahela. The tariffs of guidance vary according to the circuit.

Easy circuit
Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The Tsimelahy circuits Duration : 2 hours on foot
Distance : 3km

It crosses the forest of transition, between the eco regions of the East and the South. Large landscape, extraordinary cock-of-the-rock vegetation, and natural swimming pools stake out the circuit that will lead you to the discovery of the famous trihedral palm that is endemic of this region, its reptiles and its birds.
Guidance : 7.000 Ar
Carrier : to negotiate with the local population.

Available camps at Antaravola with seven tents of a capacity of 14 people each.
Tariff : Ar 5000 per site or per tent/night


Easy circuit
Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The circuit of Mangatsiaka Duration : 3 hours of trekking
Distance : 4km

This itinerary passes by the lined spiny, astonishing by their shape. Lemurs, reptiles and birds are to the appointment in the heart of a dry landscape of the South where the plants rise.
Guidance : 7.000 Ar
Carrier : to negotiate with the local population.

Available camps at Mangatsiaka with seven tents of a capacity of 12 people each.
Tariff : Ar 5000 per site or per tent/night


Easy circuit
Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The circuit of Ihazofotsy Which is composed of three stages, the last of which is a little hard
- The first stage is the botanical circuit :
Duration : 1h on foot along
Distance : 830m

This stage is an exploration of the typical plants of the dry forest.

- The second stage is the crossing of the Allée des Sifaka :
Duration : 2 hours on foot along
Distance : 1,8km

- The Andohanomby circuit is the last.
Duration : 5h
Distance : 11km
This circuit penetrates in the bush, typical landscape and the possibility to see the lemurs and birds
Guidance : Ar 8.000 / circuit
Carrier : to negotiate with the local population.

Available camps at Ihazofotsy with 12 tents of a capacity of 24 people each.
Tarif : Ar 3000 per site or per tent/night


Hard circuit
Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The circuit of Manangotry Duration : 3 to 4h walk
Distance : 8km

This circuit penetrates in a lush forest. Ideal itinerary to see the Eulemur collaris, the redhead necklace lemur and the Newtonia fanovanae that is a rare bird.
Guidance : Ar 8.000
Carrier : to negotiate with the local population.


Hard circuit
Circuit name Specificatoins Tariffs
The Malio circuit Duration : 4h to 5h walk along
Distance : 12km

through the humid forest of low altitude, to join the dry forest, typical of the Malagasy south. We can see the lemurs, the birds and the reptiles.
Guidance : Ar 8.000
Carrier : to negotiate with the local population.


Hard circuit
Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The cycle-path circuit Duration : 3 to 4h walk along
Distance : 8km

It joins the villages of Tsimelahy and Mangatsiaka. This circuit is convenient for the bicycle. Vegetation is varied as the circuit begins the zone of transition of the two ecoregions of the South and the East to turn into a spiny bush of the south. This cycle-path circuit gives the possibility to see some lemurs.
Guidance : Ar 8.000
Carrier : to negotiate with the local population.


Hard circuit
Circuit name Specifications Tariffs
The circuit of Talakifeno-Malio Duration : 2 days of walk along
Distance : 25 Km between the two villages of Talakifeno and Malio

The landscape is varied longing from a humid forest on the East side to a dry forest in the west. Lemurs, birds and amphibians can be seen on the way.
Guidance : Ar 8.000
Carrier : to negotiate with the local population.

Available camp at Malio, with 4 tents for 8 persons each.
Tariff : Ar 3000 per site or per person per night
-Light car : Ar 3 000
- Motorcycle / Bicycle: Ar 400

The welcome office of Madagascar National Parks is at Ampasikabo. Agents of welcome are for your service in Tsimelahy and in Mangatsiaka to inform you about your stay, circuits, and tariffs of guidance. 21 French-speaking and English-speaking guides work in Andohahela.

Luxirious Hotels with various comforts from a simple to the luxurious are established on the outskirts of the Park.

Contacts :

Madagascar National Parks Inter Regional Directorate in Toliary
Rue LEDA Albert – BP 400
601 Tuléar

Tél : + (261 20) 94 435 70

Andohahela National Park :
BP 73, Ampasikabo - 614 Tolagnaro (près Bureau CIREEF)

Tél : + (261 22) 92 904 85
Fax: + (261 22) 92 216 94 (Mendrika Service : Attn Madagascar National Parks Andohahela)

GSM : 032 04 898 96 / 034 01 858 03
Email :

- Each circuits is ideal for bird watching, trekking and  nocturnal visits.
But Andohahelas and its surrounding up to Taolagnaro also offer good plans that won't fail to interest you:

- Climbing the peak of Saint Louis in Taolagnaro.  

- Visiting of the Flacourt museum. 

- See Evatraha, village of fishers, seaside site with its golden beaches and its sea of   emerald from 12 km from Taolagnaro, or in Lokaro, from 43 km from Taolagnaro. 

- Visiting the domain of Nahampoana from 9 km of Taolagnaro or the Reserve of Berenty ( 95 km from Taolagnaro). Impressive biodiversity, vast landscape, museum, and historic vestiges are waiting for you there.

- See also Sainte Luce 56 km from Fort Dauphin, beach, panoramic views and historical relics will enhance your stay..

If you like dancing, don't miss the Katrehaky festival in Taolagnaro in June.

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