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Montagne et Forêt d’Ambre
News of Kalambatritra protected area
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Kalambatritra, special Reserve of 28,255 ha, is located at about 55 Km km to the East of Betroka The biggest part of the Special Reserve of Kalambatritra is inside the commune of Begogo.. The average annual temperature is 21.9 ° C. The Massif de Kalambatritra is an important water reservoir. It is traveled by multitudes of small streams that feed the 3 major rivers: the Ihosy the Ivahona and Manambola. These rivers will swell the bed of the Onilahy.
For your visit in Kalambatritra, have a raincoat in your luggage, the storms are frequent. Wear stapled walking shoes. Take a lamp torch for the nocturnal move. Careful, don't disregard your antimalaria treatment. In case when bloodsucker clings to you, do not panic : salt or tobacco are sufficient to detach it. Also bring packs of mineral water.
The history of the Special Reserve :
The Special Reserve of Kalambatritra was created in 1959. The management of this Reserve has been confided by the state to Madagascar National Parks, since the advent of the Environmental Program II. The operational structure has not been created until 2005.
Kalambatritra distinguishes itself in the National Network of the protected areas by its humid dense forest of low altitude that shelters several plant species as Melanophylla alnifolia, Senecio kalambatritiensis, and Psychotria ivakoanyensis..... and animals such as birds, lemurs and amphibians. Its marshes that shelter rare species as Anas melleri, threatened by the uncontrolled fishing, also give its particularity. Among the species of threatened lemurs in the Reserve of Kalambatritra, we have Eulemur collaris and Eulemur fulvus rufus.
In the land of Bara
The Baras live in the neighbourhood of Kalambatritra. Spontaneous, cheerful and very independent, the Bara is a respectfull tribe of the traditions, and particularly those that unite them with the forebears. The Bara funeral ceremonies constitute a whole phenomenon, and the "Kibories", traditional tombs, are spectacular enough. The funeral sites of the village of Andriambe, inside the Reserve, reveal this attachment to the deceased. The Bara believe in sorcery and their bodies are often marked by scars or scarifications : the soothsayers introduce in these incisions, powders or tip of magic woods, to carry luck or to protect themselves.
Finally, among the numerous tribes of Madagascar, the Baras are known for their singular hairdressing : the men put a comb in their hair, the women decorate their plaits with one thousand and one slides… Those people essentially lives on livestock, but pork is generally a taboo. Pig farming is only found in South West of the reserve, on the lands of the Zafindravala.
Why protecting Kalambatritra?
The activities of the villages surrounding the Reserve have an impact on Kalambatritra. Fires are often lit supply fresh grazing to the livestock. The necessary wood for the artisanal sculpture or the construction of slots is generally cut in the Reserve. The pPoaching and slash and burn for rice plantation the burnt riceplanting reduced land progressively the wealths of this wild nature. However, the Reserve is important for the representation and the conservation of the Malagasy biodiversity: Kalambatritra is part of the richest zones in species with 96.8% of natural habitats in the whole reserveReserve.
It also waters the Regions of Ihorombe and Anosy because several rivers have their sources in the Reserve. Kalambatritra is crossed by the line of sharing of waters between the Channel of Mozambique (Ihosy, Ivahona, and Volotaray) and the Indian Ocean (Ionaivos and its affluents, Menakiaiky). The Massif of Kalambatritra is browsed by a crowd of small streams that feeeds three big rivers: Ihosy, that will join the Zamandao, Ivahona that will flow in the Mangoky and Manambola that will join Ionaivo to throw itself into the river of Mananaea. All rivers will enlarge the bed of the Onilahy.
The biodiversity of Kalambatritra is so important for the simultaneous presence of species of the South, the East and the high plateau in the same place. The species, considered endangered, are there in large number. All these reasons makes the Reserve a place of scientific research.
A contrasted landscape
Around the Reserve of Kalambatritra, the landscape is designed by vast lands, soils degraded by bush fires. to damaged soils by the lit fires, Forests of bamboo grow along rivers ; valleys funds are converted into paddy fields, the hills are snakes by the tracks of small canals of irrigation, summits topped with massive granite.
A savanna corridor of 20 km separates the Special Reserve of Kalambatritra to the National Park of South Midongy. The average temperature is 21.9 ° C, the wet season runs from October to April and winter from July to August. Kalambatritra is a a stormy region.
The microprojects of Kalambatritra
If you go there by car, choose a strong vehicle : the road is long.
Kalambatritra doesn't have arranged circuits for the meantime. But the visits are permitted, also don't hesitate to do the trekking in the shred forest of the Reserve, go to the meeting of the lemurs and admire the landscapes of humid dense forests, the marshes, the savannas and the magnificent falls of waters and rivers. For lack of guides, the local villagers can make you visit the park.
The office of the Special Reserve of Kalambatritra is in Betroka. For now, the Reserve doesn't have an infrastructure of welcome yet, nevertheless the local population can guide you. If you want to camp, we suggest you to take your own material. Some lodgings exist in Betroka but in a very simple condition, without comfort.
Join yourselves in the Bara and visit their beautiful country. Each of their village has an area that serves to prepare your meal. The sense of hospitality is not vanished! Thursdays are market days at Ivahona and on Fridays in Betroka: it is the dream opportunity to live in the Bara way!
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